Chronicle of Queen Jane
NOTE BY THE TRANSCRIBER, JOHN GOUGH NICHOLS: The MS. [diary] being now imperfect, as well as incorrectly bound up, its earliest portion in point of date commences in the midst of a passage relating to the Duke of Northumberland’s preparations to march against the Lady Mary on the 13th of July, which Stowe {John Stowe, a former owner} has extracted. A few introductory paragraphs from Stowe, which were probably taken by that chronicler, either in whole or in part, from our MS., will render the course of events distinct from the time of King Edward’s death:

King Edward died at Greenwich, on the 6th July 1553, “towards night.” The event was kept perfectly secret during the next day; but measures were taken to occupy and fortify the Tower of London. On “the 8th of July the Lord Mayor of London was sent for to the court then at Greenwich, to bring with him six aldermen, as many merchants of the staple, and as many merchant adventurers, unto whom by the Council was secretly declared the death of King Edward, and also how he did ordain for the succession of the Crown by his letters patents, to the which they were sworn, and charged to keep it secret.”

The 10th of July, in the afternoon, about 3 of the clock, Lady Jane was conveyed by water to the Tower of London, and there received as queen. After five of the clock, the same afternoon, was proclamation made of the death of King Edward the Sixth, and how he had ordained by his letters patents bearing date the 21st of June last past that the Lady Jane should be heir to the Crown of England, and the heir males of her body, &c.

The 12th of July word was brought to the Council, being then at the Tower with the Lady Jane, that the Lady Mary was at Kenninghall Castle in Norfolk, and with her the Earl of Bath, Sir Thomas Wharton son to the Lord Wharton, Sir John Mordaunt son to the Lord Mordaunt, Sir William Drury, Sir John Shelton, Sir Henry Bedingfield, Master Henry Jerningham, Master John Sulierd, Master Richard Freston, Master Sergeant Morgan, Master Clement Higham of Lincoln’s Inn, and divers others; and also that the Earl of Sussex and Master Henry Ratcliffe, his son, were coming towards her: whereupon by speedy counsel it was there concluded, that the Duke of Suffolk, with certain other noblemen, should go towards the Lady Mary, to fetch her up to London. This was first determined; but by night of the same day the said voyage of the Duke of Suffolk was clean dissolved by the special means of the Lady Jane his daughter, who, taking the matter heavily, with weeping tears made request to the whole Council that her father might tarry at home in her company: whereupon the council persuaded with the Duke of Northumberland to take that voyage upon him, saying that no man was so fit therefore, because that he had achieved the victory in Norfolk once already, and was therefore so feared, that none durst once lift up their weapon against him: besides that, he was the best man of war in the realm; as well for the ordering of his camps and soldiers both in battle and in their tents, as also by experience, knowledge, and wisdom, he could animate his army with witty persuasions, and also pacify and allay his enemies pride with his stout courage, or else to dissuade them if need were from their enterprise. “Well (quoth the duke then) since ye think it good, I and mine will go, not doubting of your fidelity to the queen’s majesty, which I leave in your custody.” So that night he sent for both lords, knights, and other that should go with him, and caused all things to be prepared accordingly. Then went the Council in to the Lady Jane and told her of their conclusion, who humbly thanked the duke for reserving her father at home, and beseeched him to use his diligence, whereto he answered that he would do what in him lay.

The morrow following great preparation was made. The duke early in the morning called for all his own harness, and saw it made ready. At Durham Place he appointed all the retinue to meet. The same day carts were laden with munition, and artillery and field pieces prepared for the purpose. The same forenoon he moved eftsoons again  the Council to send their powers after him, as it was before determined, which should have met him at Newmarket, and they promised him they would. He said further to some of them, “My lords, I and these other noble personages, and the whole army, that now go forth, as well for the behalf of you and yours as for the establishing of the queen’s highness, shall not only adventure our bodies and lives amongst the bloody strokes and cruel assaults of our adversaries in the open fields, but also we do leave the conservation of our selves, children, and families at home here with you, as altogether committed to your truths and fidelities, whom if we thought you would through malice, conspiracy, or dissention leave us your friends in the breers and betray us, we could as well sundry ways foresee and provide for our own safeguards as any of you by betraying us can do for yours. But now upon the only trust and faithfulness of your honours, whereof we think ourselves most assured, we do hazard and jeopard put in jeopardy or in peril  our lives, which trust and promise if ye shall violate, hoping thereby of life and promotion, yet shall not God count you innocent of our blood, neither acquit you of the sacred and holy oath of allegiance made freely by you to this virtuous lady the queens highness, who by your and our enticement is rather of force placed therein then by her own seeking and request. Consider also that God’s cause, which is the preferment of his word and the fear of papistry’s re-entrance, hath been as ye have herebefore always laid alleged  , the original ground whereupon ye even at the first motion granted your good wills and consents thereunto, as by your hands writings evidently appeareth. And think not the contrary, but if ye mean deceit, though not forthwith yet hereafter, God will revenge the same. I can say no more; but in this troublesome time wish you to use constant hearts, abandoning all malice, envy, and private affections.” Therewithall the first course for the lords came up. Then the Duke did knit up his talk with these words: “I have not spoken to you on this sort upon any distrust I have of your truths, of the which always I have ever hitherto conceived a trusty confidence; but I have put you in remembrance thereof, what chance of variance soever might grow amongst you in mine absence; and this I pray you, wish me no worse good speed in this journey than ye would have to yourselves.” “My lord, (saith one of them,) if ye mistrust any of us in this matter, your grace is far deceived; for which of us can wipe his hands clean thereof? And if we should shrink from you as one that were culpable, which of us can excuse himself as guiltless? Therefore herein your doubt is too far cast.” “I pray God it be so (quoth the Duke); let us go to dinner.” And so they sat down.
After the dinner the Duke went into the Queen, where his commission was by that time sealed for his lieutenantship of the army, and there he took his leave of her; and so did certain other lords also. Then, as the Duke came through the council chamber, he took his leave of the Earl of Arundell, who prayed God be with his grace; saying he was very sorry it was not his chance to go with him and bear him company, in whose presence he could find in his heart to spend his blood, even at his foot. Then my Lord of Arundell took also my lord’s boy Thomas Lovell by the hand, and said, “Farewell, gentle Thomas, with all my heart.” Then the Duke came down, and the Lord Marquess of Northampton  my Lord Grey, with diverse other, and went out of the Tower and took their boat and went to Dyram Place or Whitehall, where that night they mustered their company in harness, and the next day in the morning the Duke departed, to the number of six hundred men or thereabouts. And as they went thorough Shoreditch, sayeth the Duke to one that rode by him, “The people press to see us, but not one sayeth God speed us.”
By this time word was brought to the Queen at the Tower that Sir Edmund Peckham, Sir Edward Hastings, and the Lord Windsor, with others, were up proclaiming Queen Mary in Buckinghamshire.
Note, this day also Sir John Gates went out. The morrow following there was sent after the Duke the carts with munition and the ordnance.

The 12th day the Lady Mary sent to Norwich to be proclaimed, but they would not, because they were not certain of the king’s death; but within a day after they did not only proclaim her, but also sent men and weapons to aid her.

The 13th day there came divers gentlemen with their powers to Queen Mary’s succour.
About this time or thereabouts the six ships that were sent to lie before Yarmouth, that if she had fled to have taken her, was by force of weather driven into the haven, w(h)ere about that quarters one Master Jerningham was raising power on Queen Mary’s behalf, and hearing thereof came thither. Whereupon the captains took a boat and went to their ships. Then the mariners asked Master Jerningham what he would have, and whether he would have their captains or no; and he said, “Yea, marry.” Said they, “Ye shall have them, or else we shall throw them to the bottom of the sea.” The captains, seeing this perplexity, said forthwith they would serve Queen Mary gladly; and so came forth with their men, and conveyed certain great ordnance; of the which coming in of the ships the Lady Mary and her company were wonderful joyous, and then afterwards doubted smally had little doubt of  the Duke’s puissance. And as the coming of the ships much rejoiced Queen Mary’s party, even so was it as great a heart-sore to the Duke, and all his camp, whose hearts were all-ready bent against him. But after once the submission of the ships was known in the Tower each man then began to pluck in his horns; and, over that, word of a greater mischief was brought to the Tower -- the noblemen’s tenants refused to serve their lords against Queen Mary. The Duke he thought long for his succours, and writ somewhat sharply to the council here in that behalf, as well for lack of men as munition: but a slender answer he had again.
By this time news was brought that Sir John Williams was also proclaiming Queen Mary in Oxfordshire. From that time forward certain of the Council, that is, the Earl of Pembroke and the Lord Warden Thomas, Lord Cheney  of Northampton, sought to go out of the Tower to consult in London, but could not as yet.

The 16th day of July the Lord High Treasurer William Paulet, Marquess of Winchester  was going to his house in London at night, and about seven of the clock the gates of the Tower upon a sudden was shut, and the keys carried up to the Queen Jane; but what the cause was I know not. The noise in the Tower was that there was a seal lacking; but many men thought they surmised that but the truth was she feared some packing in the Lord Treasurer, and so they did fetch him at twelve of the clock in the night from his house in London into the Tower.

The 16th day the Duke, perceiving how their succours came not, and also receiving from some of the Council at the Tower letters of discomfort, returned from Bury, and came back again to Cambridge.

Note here, the 19th day at night he heard how that Queen Mary was proclaimed in London. And the next morning he called for a herald and proclaimed her himself. Within an hour after he had letters from the council here that he should forthwith dismiss his army, and not to come within ten miles of London, or else they would fight with him. The rumour hereof was no sooner abroad but every man departed. Then was the duke arrested, by the mayor of the town of Cambridge some say, some say by Mr. Thomas Mildmay at the Queen’s commandment. 1 At last came letters from the Council of London that all men should go each his way. Then said the Duke to certain that kept him, “Ye do me wrong to withdraw my liberty; see you not the council's letters, without exception, that all men should go whether they would?” At which words they then set them again at liberty, and so continued they all night; in so much that the Earl of Warwick was booted ready to have ridden in the morning. Then came the Earl of Arundel, who had been with the Queen, to the Duke into his chamber; and when the duke knew thereof he came out to meet him; and as soon as ever he saw the Earl of Arundell he fell down on his knees and desired him to be good to him, for the love of God. “And consider (saith he) I have done nothing but by the consents of you and all the whole council.” “My lord (quoth he), I am sent hither by the Queen’s majesty, and in her name I do arrest you.” “And I obey it, my lord (quoth he), and I beseech you, my lord of Arundell (quoth the Duke), use mercy towards me, knowing the case as it is.” “My lord (quoth the Earl), ye should have sought for mercy sooner; I must do according to my commandment.” And therewith he committed the charge of him to diverse of the guard and gentlemen that stood by. And so the Duke continued walking up and down in the utter chamber almost two hours; and once or twice he would have gone to the bedchamber about some business, but he could not be suffered. Then was Tom and Cox from him.
At last the Duke, looking through the window, spied the Earl of Arundell passed by; then he called to him, and said, “My lord of Arundel; my lord, I pray a word with you.” “What would ye have, my lord?” said he. “I beseech your lordship,” quoth he, “for the love of God, let me have Cox, one of my chamber, to wait on me” “You shall have Tom Thomas Lovell  your boy,” quoth the Earl of Arundel. “Alas, my lord!” quoth the Duke, “what stead can a boy do me? I pray you let me have Cox;” and so both Tom and Cox were with him.

The next portion of this interesting narrative is unfortunately lost; but a series of extracts from newsletters, preserved in Ralph Starkey’s Collections, MS,. Harleian 353, pp. 139 et seq. apply so exactly to the period deficient, that they may be very properly here introduced. Gough.

By a letter, written in London, it appeareth that “the 19 of July, my Lady Mary’s grace was in the afternoon proclaimed queen of England here in London, my lord of Northumberland, the Lord Admiral Edward, Lord Clinton , the Marquess of Northampton, the Lord of Huntington, my Lord Grey, my Lord of Westmorland Sir Henry Neville, 5th Earl , and divers others, being at Cambridge, proceeding in battle towards her grace, who lieth at a castle Framlingham Castle  in Norfolk. Great was the triumph here at London; for my time I never saw the like, and by the report of others the like was never seen. The number of caps that were thrown up at the proclamation were not to be told. The Earl of Pembroke threw away his cap full of angelets half-angel coin equal to 60 pence . I saw myself money was thrown out at windows for joy. The bonfires were without number, and what with shouting and crying of the people, and ringing of the bells, there could no one hear almost what another said, besides banquetings and singing in the street for joy. There was present at the proclamation the Earl of Pembroke, the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Earl of Arundell, my lord warden, my lord mayor, Sir John Mason, Sir John Cheke, and divers other to the number of ... ; and, after the proclamation made in Cheapside, they all went to Pauls to evensong. The Duke of Suffolk being at the Tower at the making of the proclamation, and as some say did not know of it, but so soon as he heard of it, he came himself out of the Tower, and commanded his men to leave their weapons behind them, saying that he himself was but one man, and himself proclaimed my Lady Mary’s grace queen on the Tower Hill, and so came into London, leaving the lieutenant in the Tower.
“Great stir was in Northamptonshire about proclaiming of her. Yesterday at Northampton Sir Thomas Tresham proclaimed her with the aid and help of the town, being borne amongst them, whether he would or not; Sir Nicholas Throckmorton being present, withstanding him to his power, was driven for safety of his life to take a house, and so being borne amongst divers gentlemen escaped with much ado; the inhabitants would have killed him very fain.
“Sir Robert Tyrwhitt mustered yesterday in Northamptonshire to go to my Lord of Northumberland as many men as he could get. Sir Thomas Tresham, receiving like letters to muster for my lord of Northumberland, would not go. Sir John Williams hath 6 or 7000 men there, as Richard Silliard saith, and there is with him Sir Edmond Peckham, the Sheriff of Oxfordshire, the Sheriff of Northamptonshire, and divers others.
“Sir John Gates and my Lord Garret, who went down with the guard to my Lady Mary, as is credibly reported, are both slain the report was untrue , and the most part of the guard gone to my Lady Mary.”

23 July 1553. - A letter written in London mentions that the Lord Admiral, and the Lords Grey, Garret, Ormond and the Lord Fitzwarren, Sir Henry Sidney, and Sir James Crofts, with divers others, have already their pardon granted them. “The Duke of Northumberland is in custody of the guard as a prisoner in Cambridge, and my lady his wife, the Lord Guildford, and the Lady Jane, are in the Tower as prisoners. My Lord Marquess of Northampton, the Earl of Huntingdon, Sir Harry Gates, and divers other, cannot as yet get their pardons.”

From London, 1 Aug. 1553. - “Sir John Cheke, with divers others, whose names presently I cannot remember, be prisoners in the Tower.
“The Lady Elizabeth’s grace came the 29th of July to Somerset Place, well accompanied with gentlemen, and others, right strongly, and there she rested a night, and the morrow ensuing she went through Cheapside to meet the queen’s grace to London-wards, who is looked for the 3rd or 4th of August. “Set hence the 24th of July, six of your the name of the recipient of the letter is unknown  men on horseback like soldiers, in coats of red and white, at your cost and charges, have waited on Sir Thomas Tresham and Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, to guard the queen to London.” August, 1553. - “By a letter written in London, reporteth that Queen Mary’s grace came to London the 3rd day of August, being brought in with her nobles very honourably and strongly. The number of velvet coats that did ride before her, as well strangers as others, was 740; and the number of ladies and gentlemen that followed was 180. The Earl of Arundell did ride next before her, bearing the sword in his hand, and Sir Anthony Browne did bear up her train. The Lady Elizabeth did follow her next, and after her the Lord Marquess of Exeter’s wife Gertrude, Marchioness of Exeter .
“The guard followed the ladies, and after them Northampton and Oxfordshire men, and then Buckinghamshire men, and after them the lords’ servants; the whole number of horsemen were esteemed to be about 10,000.
“The queen’s grace stayed at Aldgate Street before the stage where the poor children stood, and heard an oration that one of them made, but she said nothing to them. “My Lord Mayor and the aldermen brought Her Grace into the city, my Lord Mayor riding next to the Earl of Arundell with the mace in his hand. There was a great peal of ordnance shot off at the Tower.
“It is credibly reported that the Duke of Norfolk, Courtney, the Bishop of Winchester Stephen Gardiner , and my Lady Somerset, met the queen’s grace at the Tower gate, and there they kneeling down saluted her grace, and she came unto them and kissed them and said, “These are my prisoners.” Courtney was made Marquess of Exeter, the four of these present, as the bruit rumour  goeth. 2
“Her grace intendeth to remove unto Windsor on Tuesday next, as I hear say.
“The Earl of Pembroke was commanded to wait upon her grace when she came to London, and to bring with him but ten men, and as I hear say he brought fifteen, wherefore he had a rebuke. Some say he is fled, but the truth I know not; he hath not been seen since Thursday night, neither can his men tell where he is. My Lord Russell and my Lord Ferrars are in the Sheriff of London’s custody.
“Mr. Chancellor of the (Court of) Augmentations doth keep his house.
“I heard say this day that the Duke of Northumberland, the Marquess of Northampton, the Earl of Huntingdon, Sir John Gates, and Mr. Palmer, were already condemned to die.
"Dob of Bosat possibly Leighton Buzzard  came (out) of Bedfordshire this day, and he told me there came this week to Sir John St. John’s, he being there, 40 or 50 men with clubs and bills, and would have had him to have gone with them to have pulled down certain pasture hedges, but he denied them, and persuaded them as much as he could to the contrary; yet notwithstanding they would not be persuaded, but went themselves and pulled up the hedges of 43 pastures.
“Your men were not discharged before yesterday of the queen’s attendance, and this day they are gone home.
“The old Bishop of London Edmund Bonner  is delivered out of the Marshalsea a London prison , and Doctor Cox cometh into his place; and this day my Lord Ferrars is committed to the Tower.”

11 August, 1553. - The Duke of Norfolk is discharged and at liberty, as appeareth by a letter written in London. “The Bishop of Winchester hath his house in Southwark  again that the Marquess of Northampton had.
“The Lord Chamberlain Thomas, Lord Darcy , Lord High Treasurer William Paulet, Marquess of Winchester , and the Earl of Pembroke, are commanded to keep their houses.
“It was expected that divers prisoners with the Duke of Northumberland should have come to the Guildhall this day to have been arraigned, but it is not so.
“The Duke of Suffolk is (as his own men report,) in prison, and at this present in such case as no man judgeth he can live.
“The Bishop of Winchester hath said mass in the Tower since his coming abroad.
“This day an old priest said mass at St. Bartholomews, but after that mass was done the people would have pulled him in pieces.
“The Lady Somerset is discharged out of the Tower lately.
“The queen’s grace remove the tomorrow, it is reported.”

3 The 18th of August, John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, William Parr, Marquess of Northampton, and John, Earl of Warwick, son and heir to the duke, were arraigned at Westminster Hall, before Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, high steward of England, where the Duke of Northumberland, with great reverence towards the judges, protested his faith and allegiance to the queen, whom he confessed grievously to have offended, and said that he meant not anything in defence of his fact, but requested to understand the opinion of the court in two points: first, whether a man doing any act by authority of the prince’s council, and by warrant of the great seal of England, and doing nothing without the same, might be charged with treason for any thing which he might do by warrant thereof? Secondly, whether any such persons as were equally culpable in that crime, and those by whose letters and commandments he was directed in all his doings, might be his judges, or pass upon his trial as his peers?
Whereunto was answered, that as concerning the first, the great seal (which he laid for his warrant) was not the seal of the lawful queen of the realm, nor passed by authority, but the seal of an usurper, and therefore could be no warrant to him. As to the second, it was alleged, that if any were as deeply to be touched in the case as himself, yet so long as no attainder were of record against them, they were nevertheless persons able in law to pass upon any trial, and not to be challenged therefore, but at the prince’s pleasure.” After which answer, the Duke used few words, but confessed the indictment; by whose example the other prisoners arraigned with him did the like, and thereupon had judgement.
And when the judgement was given, it is said the Duke should say, “I beseech you, my lords all, to be humble suitors to the Queen’s majesty, to grant me four requests, which are these: first, that I may have that death which noblemen have had in times past, and not the other; secondarily, that Her Majesty will be gracious to my children, which may hereafter do her grace good service, considering that they went by my commandment who am their father, and not of their own free wills; thirdly, that I may have appointed to me some learned man for the instruction and quieting of my conscience; and fourth, that she will send two of the council to commune with me, to whom I will declare such matters as shall be expedient for her and the commonwealth. And thus I beseech you all to pray for me.”

Note, that on Saturday the 19th of August there was conveyed out of the Tower by water to Westminster, to be arraigned, Sir John Gates, Sir Harry Gates, Sir Andrew Dudley, and Sir Thomas Palmer, where, without any quest, every one of them pleaded guilty, saving Sir Thomas Palmer, who said that the truth was, he never bare arms against the Queen’s majesty. "Well," saith the judges, “can ye deny but that ye were there?” “No,” saith he. “Then can it not be but that ye are culpable.” “Well then, saith it is so,” saith he, “I confess the same.” Then they all submitted themselves to the Queen’s mercy. Then the judges proceeded in judgement.

Note, that on Sunday the 20th day of August, there preached at Paul’s Cross one Doctor Watson Thomas Watson , and there was about the cross and in the churchyard almost all the guard, with their bills and weapons, for fear of like tumult that was on Sunday before.

Note, on Monday the 21st of August, it was appointed the duke with other should have suffered, and all the guard were at the Tower; but howsoever it chanced he did not; but he desired to hear mass, and to receive the sacrament, according to the old accustomed manner. So about nine of the clock the altar in the chapel was arrayed, and each thing prepared for the purpose; then Mr. Gage Sir John Gage, Constable of the Tower  went and fetched the duke; and Sir John Abridges the lieutenant  and Mr. John Abridges did fetch the Marquess of Northampton, Sir Andrew Dudley, Sir Henry Gates, and Sir Thomas Palmer, to mass, which was said both with elevation over the head, the pax giving, blessing, and crossing on the crown, breathing, turning about, and all the other rites and accidents of old time appertaining. And when the time came the prisoners should receive the sacrament, the Duke turned himself to the people and said, first, these words, or such like, “My masters, I let you all to understand that I do most faithfully believe this is the very right and true way, out of the which true religion you and I have been seduced these sixteen years past, by the false and erroneous preaching of the new preachers, the which is the only cause of the great plagues and vengeance which hath lighted upon the whole realm of England, and now likewise worthily fallen upon me and others here present for our unfaithfulness. And I do believe the holy sacrament here most assuredly to be our Saviour and Redeemer Jesus Christ; and this I pray you all to testify, and pray for me.”
After which words he kneeled down and asked all men forgiveness, and likewise forgave all men. Amongst others standing by (were) the Duke of Somerset’s sons. Then all the rest confessed the declaration aforesaid, and so received the sacrament most humbly. Note, that a little before mass was begun, there was sent for into London for divers of the best commoners and common council of the city, to come and here the conversion of the duke, amongst whom one Hartop a goldsmith, and one Baskerfield, were there.
The Lady Jane looking through the window saw the Duke and the rest going to the church. Note, that this day 44 years past, Dudley, the Duke’s father, was beheaded 18th August 1510 .

On Tuesday the 22nd of August there came into the Tower all the guard, with their weapons, and about nine of the clock the Earl of Warwick and Sir John Gates were brought to the chapel and heard mass, receiving the sacrament. A little before the receipt whereof, they kneeling before the altar, one Doctor Bourman, which said the mass, turned to them from the altar, and said these words, or much like, “And if ye do require to receive this holy sacrament of the body and blood of our saviour Christ, ye must not only confess and believe that he is there really and naturally, very God and very man, yea the same God that died on the cross for our redemption, and not a fantastical God, as the heretics would make him; but also ye must here openly acknowledge and grant your abuse and error therein of long time had and done; and then I assure you ye shall receive him to your salvation, were ye never so detestable an offender.” Then said Sir John Gates, “I confess we have been out of the way a long time, and therefore we are worthily punished; and, being sorry therefore, I ask God forgiveness therefore most humbly; and this is the true religion.” In much like sort said the Earl of Warwick; and then one asked the other forgiveness, and required all men to forgive them as they forgave every man freely.
Then turned Mr. Gates to the Lord Courtney, saying, “I beseech you, Sir, to forgive me, for I have been a piece of the cause of your continuance in prison, not for any hatred towards you, but for fear that harm might come thereby to my late young master.” Then my Lord of Warwick asked him likewise forgiveness. (Memorandum, the Duke of Somerset’s sons stood by.) Then said the priest to them, “I would ye should not be ignorant of God’s mercy, which is infinite; and let not death fear you, for it is but a little while, ywis surely , ended in one half hour. What shall I say? I trust to God it shall be to you a short passage (though somewhat sharp), out of innumerable miseries into a most pleasant rest; which God grant.” The priest having spoken this or much like words, gave them the host, which being finished, and the mass ended, they came forth again; and the Earl of Warwick was lead to his lodging, and Sir John Gates to the lieutenant’s house, where he remained about half an hour and more. In this mean time was Sir Thomas Palmer brought into the lieutenant’s garden, where he walked with Watson, his ghostly father, about three quarters of an hour, taking acquaintance of diverse gentlemen, always praying them to forgive and pray for him. His countenance never changed, but rather he seemed more cheerful in countenance then when he was most at his liberty in his life-time. Anon, the sheriff and Sir John Gage had made ready the indentures; then was Sir John Gates brought out of the lieutenant’s house, and set at the garden gate; then the(y) went for the duke, who within a little while came forth, and Sir Thomas Palmer after him; and at the garden gate the duke and Sir John Gates met and spake together. “Sir John,” sayeth the Duke, “God have mercy upon us, for this day shall end both our lives. And I pray you forgive me whatsoever I have offended; and I forgive you with all my heart, although you and your council was a great occasion hereof” “Well, my lord,” said Sir John Gates, “I forgive you as I would be forgiven; and yet you and your authority was the only original cause of all together; but the Lord pardon you, and I pray you forgive me.” So, either making obeisance to other, the Duke proceeded. The Duke of Somerset’s sons stood thereby.

And when he came upon the scaffold, first, he put of his gown of crane-coloured damask, and then he leaned upon the rail toward the east, and said to the people, almost in every point as he had said in the chapel, saying that when he came to the confession of his belief he said, “I trust, my lord the bishop Nicholas Heath, Bishop of Worcester  here will bear me witness hereof.” At the last he put off his jerkin and doublet, and then said his prayers; after which time the hangman reached to him a kerchief, which he did knit himself about his eyes, and then laid him down, and so was beheaded.

Afterwards came Sir John Gates; and after a few words spoken he would have no kerchief, but laid down his head; where at three blows his head was stricken off.

Next came Sir Thomas Palmer, who as soon as he came to the scaffold took every man by the hand, and desired them to pray for him; then putting of his gown, he leaned upon the east rail and said these or much like words in effect: “My masters, God save you; it is not unknown unto you wherefore I am come hither, which I have worthily well deserved at God’s hand, for I know it to be his divine ordinance by this means to call me to his mercy, and to teach me to know myself, what I am, and whereto we are all subject. I thank his merciful goodness, for he hath caused me to learn more in one little dark corner in yonder Tower, than ever I learned by any travel in so many places as I have been; for there I say I have seen God, what he is, and how unsearchable his wondrous works are, and how infinite his mercies be. I have seen there myself thoroughly, and what I am; nothing but a lump of sin, earth, dust, and of all vileness most vilest. I have seen there and known what the whole world is, how vain, deceitful, transitory, and short it is; how wicked and loathsome the works thereof are in the sight of God’s majesty; how he neither regardeth the menaces of the proud men and mighty ones, neither despiseth the simpleness of the poor and lowly, which are in the same world. Finally, I have seen there what death is, how near hanging over every man’s head, and yet how uncertain the time and how unknown to all men, and how little it is to be feared. And should I fear death, or be sad therefore? have I not seen two die before mine eyes, yea and within the hearing of mine ears? No, neither the sprinkling of the blood or the shedding thereof, nor the bloody axe itself, shall not make me afraid. And now, taking my leave to the same, I pray you all to pray for me. Come on, good fellow,” quoth he, “art thou he that must do the deed? I forgive thee with all my heart.” And then kneeled down, and laid his head down, saying, “I will see how met the block is for my neck; I pray thee strike me not yet, for I have a few prayers to say, and that done, strike in God’s name, good leave have thou.” His prayers ended, and desiring each man to pray for him, he laid down his head again, and so the hangman took it from him at one stroke. Their corpses, with the heads, were buried in the chapel in the Tower; the duke at the high altar, and the other two at the nether end of the church. You must understand that Sir Thomas Palmer had much longer talk on the scaffold, but that afore rehearsed was in manner the same thereof.
Note, that the (18th) day of August there was a proclamation set out by the Queen’s highness, that she willed all men to embrace that religion which all men knew she had of long time observed, and meant, God willing, to continue the same; willing all men to be quiet and not call men the names of heretic or pa(pi)st, but each man to live after the religion he thought best until further order were taken concerning the same.

Note, that on Tuesday the 29th of August, I dined at Partridge’s house with my Lady Jane, being there present, she sitting at the board’s end, Partridge, his wife, Jacob my lady’s gentlewoman, and her man. She commanding Partridge and me to put on our caps, amongst our communication at the dinner, this was to be noted: after she had once or twice drunk to me and bad me heartily welcome, saith she, “The Queen’s majesty is a merciful princes; I beseech God she may long continue, and send his bountiful grace upon her." After that, we fell in (discourse of) matters of religion; and she asked what he was that preached at Pauls on Sunday before; and so it was told her to be one ----- “I pray you,” quoth she, “have they mass in London?” “Yea, forsooth,” quoth I, “in some places.” “It may so be,” quoth she, “it is not so strange as the sudden conversion of the late duke; for who would have thought,” said she, “he would have so done?” It was answered her, “Perchance he thereby hoped to have had his pardon.” “Pardon?” quoth she; “woe with him! he hath brought me and our stock in most miserable calamity and misery by his exceeding ambition. But for th’ answering that he hoped for life by his turning, though other men be of that opinion, I utterly am not; for what man is there living, I pray you, although he had been innocent, that would hope of life in that case; being in the field against the Queen in person as general, and after his taking so hated and evil spoken of by the commons? and at his coming into prison so wondered at as the like was never heard by any man’s time. Who was judge that he should hope for pardon, whose life was odious to all men? But what will ye more? like as his life was wicked and full of dissimulation, so was his end thereafter. I pray God, I, nor no friend of mine, die so. Should I, who (am) young and in my few years, forsake my faith for the love of life? Nay, God forbid! much more he should not, whose fatal course, although he had lived his just number of years, could not have long continued. But life was sweet, it appeared; so he might have lived, you will say, he did (not) care how. Indeed the reason is good; for he that would have lived in chains to have had his life, by like would leave no other mean attempted. But God be merciful to us, for he sayeth, Whoso denieth him before men, he will not know him in his Father’s kingdom.” With this and much like talk the dinner passed away; which ended, I thanked her ladyship that she would witsafe accept me in her company; and she thanked me likewise, and said I was welcome. She thanked Partridge also for bringing me to dinner. “Madam,” said he, “we were somewhat bold, not knowing that your ladyship dined below until we found your ladyship there.” And so Partridge and I departed.

The 4th day of September, there was two proclamations set out, the one forgiving the subsidy, and the other for the (e)stablishing of certain coins, as the groat, 2d. and 1d. and certain gold coins.
Note, that at the proclamation for remitting the subsidy, there was a marvellous noise of rejoicing, and giving the queen thanks, in Cheapside, by the people for the same.

Note, that the ---- day of September, the Lord Ferrers Walter Devereux, actually made Viscount Hereford in 1550 , the Lord Chief Justice Cholmley Sir Roger Cholmley , and the Lord Montague Sir Edward Montague , were dismissed of their imprisonment in the Tower.

Note, that the ---- day of September, Master Latimer Hugh Latimer, clerk  was brought to the Tower prisoner, who at his coming in said to one Rutter, a warder there, “What, my old friend, how do you I am now come to be your neighbour again;” and was lodged in the garden in Sir Thomas Palmer’s lodging.

Note, that the 13th of this month Mr. Cheke Sir John Cheke  was dismissed out of his imprisonment in the Tower.

Item, the 14th of September, the Bishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer  was brought into the Tower as prisoner, and lodged in the Tower over the gate against the water-gate, where the Duke of Northumberland lay before his death.
Note, about this day, or the day before, my lady of Warwick had licence to come to her husband; at the same time my Lady Taylbush, now my lord Ambrose’s wife, had licence to come to my lord Ambrose; and he and my Lord Harry had the liberty of the leads over Coleherbert in 1560 a place near Rainham Marshes . Likewise had the Lord Henry and the Lord Guildford the liberty of the leads on Beacham’s Tower; likewise had Mr. York the liberty of the leads on the Bell Tower; the said time had my Lord Marquess and the Earl of Huntingdon liberty to come to the chapel to mass a’ days; like liberty had Doctor Ridley, late Bishop of London.

Note, that on Wednesday the ---- day of September, there was certain rascals or mariners that would have taken away the Queen’s horses at Greenwich, and meant to have assembled on Blackheath for that purpose, but they were prevented by Sir Edward Hastings, who, at seven of the clock at night went thither with the guard and sundry other; and so the rascals came not according to there appointment.

Note, that the 27th of September, the Queen’s majesty came to the Tower by water toward her coronation, and with her the Lady Elizabeth her sister, with diverse other ladies of name, and the whole council. The Lord Paget bare the sword before her that day. Before her arrival was shot off a peal of guns.

Note, the last day of September 1553, the Queen came through London towards her coronation, sitting in a chariot of tissue, 4 drawn with six horses, all bedraped with red velvet. She sat in a gown of blue velvet, furred with powdered ermine, hanging on her head a caul a little cap, a net or covering for the head  of cloth of tinsell a sparkling cloth  beset with pearl and stones, and about the same upon her head a round circlet of gold, much like a hooped garland, beset so richly with many precious stones that the value thereof was inestimable; the said call and circle being so massy and ponderous that she was fain to bear up her head with her hands; and a canopy was borne over the char(iot). Before her rode a number of gentlemen and knights, and then divers judges, then divers doctors of divinity; then followed certain bishops; after them came certain lords; then followed most part of her Council; after whom followed thirteen Knights of the Bath, every one in their order, the names whereof were these, the Earl of Devonshire, the Lord of Cardiff, son to the Earl of Pembroke, the Earl of Arundel’s son, being Lord Mountrivers. Then followed the Lord of Winchester, being Lord Chancellor, the Marquess of Winchester, Lord High Treasurer, having the seal and mace before them; next came the Duke of Norfolk, and after him the Earl of Oxford, who bear the sword before her; Sir Edward Hastings led her horse in his hand. After the Queens chariot came another chariot having canopy all of one covering, with cloth of silver all white, and six horses bedraped with the same, bearing the said chariot; and therein sat at the end, with her face forward, the Lady Elizabeth; and at the other end, with her back forward, the Lady Anne of Cleves. Then came there sundry gentlewomen riding on horses draped with red velvet, after that chariot, and their gowns and kyrtles of red velvet likewise. Then rode Sir Thomas Stradling after them; then followed two other chariots covered with red satin, and the horses bedraped with the same; and certain gentlewomen between every of the said chariots riding in crimson satin, there horses bedraped with the same. The number of the gentlewomen that rode were 46 in number, besides them that were in the chariots.
At Fenchurch was one pageant made by the Geneways, and there a child dressed in a girl’s apparel was borne up by two men sitting in a chair, and gave the Queen a salutation. At Gracechurch corner there was another pageant made by the Esterlings, and thereon was made a mount on high, and a little conduit which ran in. Upon the said mount stood four children, which with certain salutations did likewise gratify the Queen. Over that there was a device that Master ---- flew down from the top of the pageant as she rode by. At the end of Gracechurch there was another pageant made by the Florentines, very high, on the top whereof there stood four pictures, and on the side of them, on the highest top, there stood an angel clothed in green, with a trumpet in his hand, and he was made with such a device that when the trumpeter, who stood secretly in the pageant, did blow his trumpet, the angel did put his trumpet to his mouth, as though it should be he that blew the same, to the marvelling of many ignorant persons. The pageant was made with three thoroughfare like gates, and on either side of the great gate there did hang two tables of cloth of silver, wherein was written certain verses; the one table in Latin, and the other in English metre, gratifying. And in the midst of the said pageant there stood six persons clothed in long coloured gowns with coputances hats, who gave her a salutation of good luck. At the conduit in Cornhill, there was a very pretty pageant made very gorgeously, whereon there sat three children clothed in women’s apparel; the middlemost of them, having a crown on her head, and a sceptre in her hand, was called Grace; the other on her right hand, called Virtue, a cup; and the other on her left hand, called Nature, a branch of olive. And when the Queen came by, they in order kneeled down, and every one of them sung certain verses of gratifying the Queen. There sounded also trumpets on high.
At the great conduit there was also another pageant made by the city. At the little conduit there was another pageant, whereon stood certain children in women’s apparel, and after a certain oration and salutation there was given the Queen, by one of the children, for the city, in a goodly purse a thousand pounds which she most thankfully received.

At the schoolhouse in Paul’s church there was certain children and men sung divers staves in gratifying the Queen; there she stayed a good while and gave diligent ear to their song. At this time a fellow who had made two scaffolds upon the top of Paul’s steeple, the one upon the ball thereof, and the other upon the top thereof above that, and had set out eight streamers very great upon the same scaffold, having the red cross and the sword as the arms of the city of London doth give; and he himself standing upon the very top or back of the weather cock, di(d) shake a little flag with his hand, after standing on one foot di(d) shake his other leg, and then kneeled on his knees upon the said weather cock, to the great marvel and wondering of all the people which beheld him, because it was thought a matter impossible.

Over against the dean’s house in Paul’s churchyard there was another pageant, where on either side stood sundry persons singing divers salutations as the Queen came by, and certain little children stood upon the pageant on high, with tapers light and burning, which tapers were made of most sweet perfumes.
At the conduit in Fleet Street was likewise another pageant, which was made like a castle, where was also diverse as well children as men, singing songs of rejoicing as she came by.

Memorandum, the first day of October, 1553, was Queen Mary crowned; that day she came first by water to the old palace and there tarried until about eleven of the clock, and then went to the church on foot upon blue cloth being railed on every side; she was in a gown of blue velvet, lined with powdered ermine, having the same circlet on her head with the which she came through London the day before. She was lead between one bishop and ----- , and many bishops in their mitres and croziers before her.
In the church, before she was anointed, the Lord Chancellor went to the four corners of the no . . (?) and cried, “If any man will or can allege any cause why Queen Mary should not be crowned, let them speak now;” and then the people in every place of the church cried, “Queen Mary! Queen Mary!” Then the Bishop of Winchester, being Lord Chancellor, proclaimed the Queen’s pardon, wherein was excepted all prisoners in the Tower, the Fleet a London prison , certain in the Marshalsea, and such as had any commandment to keep the house, and certain other.

Note, she was lead four or five times on the altar, with so many and sundry ceremonies in anointing, crowning, and other old custom, that it was past three almost four of the clock at night or ever she came from the church again. And as she came homeward there was borne before her three swords sheathed, and one naked. She was lead likewise between the old Bishop of Durham and ----, having in her hand a sceptre of gold, and in her other hand a ball of gold, which she twirled and turned in her hand as she came homeward. She wore a crimson velvet gown, and a crown on her head, every earl and countess following in crimson velvet with crownets on their heads of gold. When she was entered in Westminster Hall there was ill scramble for the cloth and rails; then was there the waste meat cast out of the kitchen made under the palace wall with boards, which was very much of all kind of meat. And when they had done casting out meat there was no less scrambling for the kitchen itself, every man that would plucking down the boards thereof, and carrying it away, that it might well be called a waste indeed.

Note, that on the eighteenth of October, Master Henry Dudley was delivered out of the Tower; and a little before also was Master York delivered.

Note, that on Wednesday, the ----- day of October, was an act passed in the parliament, that men might reason whether the Queen were Supreme Head, or whether the Bishop of Rome might not lawfully have the same again, with certain other matters.

The ---- of November there passed an act for the establishing of religion, whereby nine acts made in Edward VIth’s days, concerning religion, was made -----

The 13th day of November were led out of the Tower on foot, to be arraigned, to Guildhall, with the axe before them, from their ward, Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, between -----
Next followed the Lord Guildford Dudley, between -----
Next followed the Lady Jane, between ----- , and her two gentlewomen following her.
Next followed the Lord Ambrose Dudley and the Lord Henry Dudley.
The Lady Jane was in a black gown of cloth, turned down; the cap lined with fese velvet, and edged about with the same, in a French hood, all black, with a black bilament,10 a black velvet book hanging before her, and another book in her hand open, holding her (the entry breaks off).
In the beginning of November was the first notice among the people touching the marriage of the Queen to the King of Spain. About this time also ----- of the fall of -----
Note, the same month of November Sir Harry Gates, before condemned, was set at liberty out of the Tower and dismissed.

The 14th of December two apprentices were brought to the Tower, one Andrews (?) and another. Note, the 15th of December, 1553, the proclamation for the establishing again of the mass was proclaimed.

The 18th day, the Lady Jane had the liberty of the Tower, so that she might walk in the Queen’s garden and on the hill; and the Lord Robert and Lord Guildford the liberty of the leads in the Bell Tower, whether they . . . . .

The 19th day, the Earl of Ormond, Sir ----- Courtney Knight, and Mr. Barnaby, fell out in the night with a certain priest in the street, whose part a gentleman coming by by chance took, and so they fell by the ears; so that Barnaby was hurt. The morrow the(y) were lead by the two sheriffs to the counter in the Poultry, where they remained ----- days. This day the queen removed to Richmond.

The 15th of December, Sir Edmund Peckham was appointed treasurer general of all the Queen’s treasure whatsoever.

The 20th day there was brought into the Tower at the water-gate . . . . . . two lighters laden with harness.

About Christmas Eve there came forth a book entitled “De vera obedientia,” imprinted, as it is said, at Rouen, where it was translated, an oration made by the Bishop of Winchester, &c. with the preface of Bonner, Bishop of London. The translation thereof -----

Note, that the ---- day of December the Lord Marquess of Northampton had his pardon, and was delivered out of the Tower. About this time there was one broke out of the Tower, and was taken again in one of the ships the day following.

Note, that the morrow after New Year’s day, being the second of January, the ambassadors called the Earl of Eglemod, the Earl of Lane, and Corriers, came in for the knitting up of the marriage of the Queen to the King of Spain, before whose landing there was let off a great peal of guns in the Tower. He landed at Tower wharf, and there was met by Sir Anthony Browne, he being clothed in a very gorgeous apparel. At the Tower Hill, the Earl of Devonshire, with the Lord Garret, and divers other, received (him) in most honourable and familiar wise; and so, the Lord of Devonshire giving him the right hand, brought him through Cheapside and so forth to Westminster; the people, nothing rejoicing, held down their heads sorrowfully.

The day before his coming in, as his retinue and harbingers came riding through London, the boys pelted at them with snowballs; so hateful was the sight of their coming in to them. The morrow following, being Wednesday, the Lord Chancellor sent for the churchwardens and substantialest of thirty parishes of London, to come before him, upon whose appearance he enquired of divers of them why they had not the mass and service in Latin in their churches, as some of them had not, as St ---- in Milk Street, and others; and they answered that they had done what lay in them.

The 14th of January, anno 1553, 8 the Bishop of Winchester, Lord Chancellor of England, in the chamber of presence at Westminster, made to the lords, nobility, and gentlemen, an oration very eloquently, wherein he declared that the Queen’s majesty, partly for the wealth and enriching of the realm, and partly for friendship and other weighty considerations, hath, after much suite on his (the King of Spain’s) behalf made, determined, by the consent of her council and nobility, to match herself with him in most godly and lawful matrimony; and he said further that she should have for her jointure 5 three thousand duckets by the year, with all the Low Country of Flanders; and that the issue between them two lawfully begotten should, if there were any, be heir as well to the kingdom of Spain, as also to the said Low Country. And he declared further, that we were much bounden to thank God that so noble, worthy, and famous a prince would vouchsafe so to humble himself, as in this marriage to take upon him rather as a subject then otherwise; and that the queen should rule all things as she doth now; and that there should be of the council no Spaniard, nether should have the custody of any forts or castles; neither bear rule or office in the queen’s house, or else where in all England; with diverse other things which he then rehearsed; when he said the queen’s pleasure and request was, that, like humble subjects, for her sake they would receive him with all reverence, joy, honour; &c.
This news, although before they were not unknown to many, and very much misliked, yet being now in this wise pronounced, was not only credited, but also heavily taken of sundry men, yea and thereat almost each man was abashed, looking daily for worse matters to grow shortly after. On the morrow following, being Monday, the mayor, sherrifs, and divers of the best commoners, were sent for before the council, where the said Lord Chancellor made the like oration to them, desiring them to behave themselves like subjects with all humbleness and rejoicing. Within six days after there was word brought how that Sir Peter Carew, Sir Gawen Carew, Sir Thomas Grey, and Sir ---- , with divers others, were up in Devonshire resisting of the King of Spain’s coming, and that they had taken the city of Exeter and castle there into their custody. Note, that on Tuesday the 23rd of January, the Lord Robert Dudley, son to the late duke of Northumberland, was brought out of the Tower to the Guildhall, where he was arraigned and condemned.

Note, that the 25th January the Council was certified that there was up in Kent Sir Thomas Wyatt, Mr. Culpepper, the Lord Cobham, who had taken his castle of Couling, and the Lord Warden, who had taken the castle of Dover, and Sir Henry Isley in Maidstone, Sir James Crofts, Mr.Harper, Mr Newton, Mr. Knevett, for the said quarrel, in resisting the said King of Spain, as they said, there pretence was this only and none other, and partly for moving certain councillors from about the queen. And about this time Sir James Crofts departed to Wales as it is thought to raise his power there.

The 26th day there was (brought) into the Tower as prisoners the Lord Marquess and Sir Edmund Warner knight, in the morning. And the same night there went out certain of the guard and other against the Kentish men. Item, the same day, in the morning, the city began to be kept with harnessed carrying military equipment such as armour, chain mail, weapons. From Norman-French word hérnais men.
The day afore, the Lord Treasurer being at the Guildhall, with the mayor and aldermen, declared that it was good to have a number of two thousand, or thereabouts, in a readiness for the safeguard of the city &c. with his ....

Note, that the 25th day of January the Duke of Suffolk, the Lord John Grey and the Lord Leonard Gray, fled. It is said that the same morning that he was going there came a messenger to him from the queen, that he should come to the court. “Marry,” quoth he, “I was coming to her grace. Ye may see I am booted and spurred ready to ride; and I will but break my fast, and go.” So he gave the messenger a reward, and caused him to be made to drink, and so thence departed himself, no man knoweth whither. Sir Thomas Palmer, servant to the Earl of Arundell, said on the morrow following, to a friend of his, that the complot between the French king and the said Duke of Suffolk was now come to light. The same day the Duke of Norfolk went down towards Gravesend.
The 22nd day it was noised that Rochester bridge was taken by the rebels. About this time the Lord of Bergenny by chance encountered with Sir Harry Isley, and slain two or three of his men, he fleeing to the camp of Wyatt. The same day there was made ready, by six of the clock at night, about five hundred of harnessed men, and came together at Leadenhall; and the Sunday following they went towards Gravesend against the Kentish men. Note, the Earl of Huntingdon went down to take the Duke of Suffolk.
The Duke of Norfolk was lieutenant of the army, and with him the Earl of Ormond, Master Jermingham captain of the guard, with a great number of the guard with him, and a great number of other soldiers. Upon the they were set in array towards Rochester bridge, which was kept by Wyatt’s company, and furnished with three or four double-cannons. One Tutton, Fitzwilliams, and Brett, was captains of the said company.
And before the setting forward of these men the Duke sent a herald into Rochester with the Queen’s proclamation, that all such as would desist their purpose should have frank and free pardon; who came upon the bridge, and would have gone through into the city, but they that kept the bridge would not suffer him till that the captain came, who at last granted the same to be read in the city; but the same being ended, each man averred they had done nothing wherefore they should need any pardon, and that quarrel which they took they would die and live in it. Nevertheless at the last Sir George Harper received the pardon outwardly, and being received under the Duke of Norfolk’s protection came on forward against the Kentishmen; and even as the company was set in a readiness, and marched forward toward the bridge, the said Brett, being captain of the 500 Londoners, of which the more part were in the forward, turned himself about, and drawing out his sword, said, by report, these or much like words : “Masters, we go about to fight against our native countrymen of England and our friends in a quarrel unrightful and partly wicked, for they, considering the great and manifold mysterys which are like to fall upon us if we shall be under the rule of the proud Spaniards or strangers, are here assembled to make resistance of the coming in of him or his favourers : and for that they know right well, that if we should be under there subjection they would, as slaves and villains spoil us of our goods and lands, ravish our wives before our faces and deflower o ur daughters in our presence, have now, for the avoiding of so great mischiefs and inconveniences likely to light not only upon themselves but on every of us and the whole realm, have taken upon them now in time before his coming, this their enterprise, against which I think no English heart ought to say, much less by fighting to withstand them. Wherefore I and these (meaning by such as were in that rank with him,) will spend our blood in the quarrel of this worthy captain, Master Wyatt, and other gentlemen here assembled.” Which words once pronounced, each man turned their ordnance against their fellow. The Londoners thereupon cried, A Wyatt ! A Wyatt ! of which sudden noise the Duke, the Earl of Ormond and the captain of the guard, being abashed, fled forthwith. Immediately came in Master Wyatt and his company on horseback rushing in amongst them saying, as well to the guard, Londoners, as to all the rest, “So many as will come and tarry with us shall be welcome : and so many as will depart, good leave have they.” And so all the Londoners, part of the guard, and more than three parts of the retinue, went into the camp of the Kentishmen, where they still remain. At this discomfiture the Duke lost eight pieces of brass with all other munition and ordnance, and himself, with the Earl of Ormond and Jerningham and others, fled to London. Ye should have seen some of the guard come home, their coats torn, and ruined, without arrows or string in their bow, or sword, in very strange wise; which discomfiture, like as it was a heart-sore and very displeasing to the queen and council, even so it was almost no less joyous to the Londoners, and most part of all others.
This day was Doctor Sands, Veron, Basill, and about five prisoners more, removed out of the Tower to the Marshalsea.
On Tuesday following the saying was that the Earl of Pembroke had promised never to look the queen in the face before he brought them up, God willing; he to be accompanied with the Earl of ----- , the Lord Privy Seal, (and) the Lord Clinton.
This day a bruit rumour  went in London that there was a company up in Herefordshire. Note, the Duke of Norfolk went into Norfolk at this time.

Note, upon Thursday the queen came (to) the Guildhall, all the guard being in harness, with her the Lord Chancellor and the Council. At Paul’s churchyard the Earl of Pembroke met her, to whom she bowed herself partly low, and the Lord Chancellor, being ----- full sudden bowed himself beneath the pommel of his saddle. She made an oration to the ----- in the ----- , and returned by water. On Wednesday was a proclamation by the queen, both in London and in Southwark, that Wyatt and all his company were rank traitors, and all such as was gone to Wyatt, and as many as did take his part or spoke in his cause, and that all his well-wishers should go through Southwark to him, and they should have free passage, &c.
Note, on Wednesday, being the last of January, Master Wyatt and his company came to Dartford, and the next day they came full and whole to Greenwich and Debtford, where they remained that Thursday, Friday, and the fore-noon of Saturday.
2nd February 1554

In this space, upon the Friday, which was Candlemas day 2nd February , the most part of the householders of London, with the mayor and aldermen, were in harness, so that ye should have seen the streets very full of harnessed men in every part.
This day the Earl of Pembroke Sir William Herbert , general of the queen’s army overall, with the Lord William Harvard, Lord deputy, and the Lord Clinton with not past one of their servants unharnessed, went over the bridge into the borough of Southwark, up to Saint Georges, and so returned again into the city.
Note, this same Friday, being the second of February, the Lord Cobham (leaving his two sons with Mr. Wyatt) at midnight came to the gates of the bridge, and there was let in at midnight, and the next morrow was brought to the Council, where he remained at the Earl of Pembroke’s until afternoon, and then was brought to the Tower as prisoner.
This day there came a gentleman named ---- , and a drum, in message; who was received in Southwark and blindfold brought through the city unto the Earl of Pembroke’s at Coleharbert, where he remained until afternoon that he was conducted and so brought again into Southwark, where at Saint George’s church his horse was delivered him, and so departed with the drum which came with him. On Saturday in the morning, being the third of February, there came forth a proclamation, set forth by the Queen’s Council, wherein was declared that that traitor Wyatt seduced simple people against the Queen. Wherefore, she willed all her loving subjects to endeavour themselves to withstand him; and that the Duke of Suffolk, with his two brethren, were discomfited by the Earl of Huntingdon, and certain of his horsemen taken, and the Duke and his two brethren fled in serving man’s coats ; and that Sir Peter Carew was fled into France : and that Sir Gawen Carew, Gibbs, and others, were taken, and remain in Exeter : and that the whole city of Exeter and commons thereabout, were at the queen’s commandment with their power, to the death. And that she did pardon the whole camp except Wyatt, Harper, Kudestone, and Isley: and that whosoever could take Wyatt, except the said four persons, should have an hundred pounds a year to them and to their heirs for ever.

Note, this day before noon all horsemen were by a drum commanded to be at Saint James’s field, and the footmen commanded to be in Finsbury field to muster. This day, about three of the clock, Sir Thomas Wyatt and the Kentishmen marched forward from Deptford towards London with five auncientes, being by estimation about two thousand men ; which their coming, so soon as it was perceived, there was shot of out of the White tower a six or eight shot but missed them, sometimes shooting over, and sometimes shooting short. After the knowledge thereof once had in London, forthwith the drawbridge was cut down and the bridge gates shut. The mayor and the sheriffs harnessed themselves, and commanded each man to shut in their shops and windows, and being ready in harness to stand every one at his door, what chance soever might happen. Then should ye have seen taking in wares of the stalls in most hasty manner ; there was running up and down in every place to weapons and harness; aged men were astounded, many women wept for fear; children and maids ran into their houses, shutting the doors for fear; much noise and tumult was everywhere; so terrible and fearful at the first was Wyatt and his armies coming to the most part of the citizens, who were seldom or never wont before to hear or have any such invasions to their city.

At this time was Wyatt entered into Kent Street, and so by Saint George’s church into Southwark. Himself and part of his company came in good array down Barmesey Bermondsey  Street.

Note, they were suffered peaceably to enter into Southwark without repulse or any stroke stricken either by the inhabitants or by any other; yet was there many men of the country in the inns, raised and brought thither by the Lord William, and other, to have gone against the said Wyatt and Kentishmen, but they all joined themselves to the said Kentish rebels taking their parts; and the said inhabitants most willingly with their best entertained them. Immediately upon the said Wyatt’s coming he made a proclamation that no soldier should take any thing, but that he should pay for it, and that his coming was to resist the coming in of the Spanish king, &c. At his coming to the bridge foot, he laid forthwith two pieces of ordnance, and began a great trench between the bridge and him ; he laid another piece at Saint George’s, another going into Barmesey Street, and another towards the bishop’s house.

Note, that on Sunday the 4th day of February it is said that the Lord William Howard should call at the gate and say, “Wyatt?” At last one answered him, “What would ye with him?” and he said, “I would speak with him.” And the other answered, “The captain is busy; if ye will anything to him, I shall show him.” “Marry (quoth the Lord William), know of him what he meaneth by this invasion, and whether he continue in his purpose or no?” The messenger departed to Master Wyatt, and within three-quarters of an hour returned with a purse, and therein Master Wyatt’s answer, which being thrown over the gate, was received and read by the said Lord William, and his proclamation was cast over. Note, that from Saturday at noon all boats being brought to London side over the water, was commanded there to stay, and in pain of death none to go over to them.
Upon the 4th of February there was set out of the Tower top a banner of defiance, and at morning and evening at the changing of the watch, was shot off a great piece of ordnance accustomably. This day Sir Nicholas Poynings, as it is said, being an assistant at the Tower, was with the queen to know whether they should shoot off at the Kentishmen, and so beat down the houses upon their heads. “Nay,” said the queen, “that were pity, for many poor men and householders are like to be undone there and killed. For,” sayeth she, “I trust, God willing,” saith she, “that they shall be fought with tomorrow.” Note, that Sir John of Bridges, the night before, said to the Watch in the Tower, “ I much muse they are not fought withal. By God’s mother! I fear there is some traitor abroad that they be suffered all this while ; for surely, and if it had been about my country, I would have fought with them myself, by God’s grace !” Note, that that night the Kentishmen made a noise as it were a sign of assault at the bridge, and shot off two half-hacks. This day the queen’s company assembled in Saint James’s Park. Note, that it is said that the said Master Wyatt, upon the proclamation that whosoever will take him should have a hundred pounds in ----- , did cause his name to be fair written by the name of Thomas Wyatt, and set it on his cap. Note, that this fifth day the noise was that the Lord Warden, the Lord of Burgenye, Sir Richard Southwell, was come to Blackheath and Greenwich with three thousand men against the said Master Wyatt.

Note, that on Shrove-tuesday, being the 6th of February, Master Wyatt departed out of Southwark towards Kingston bridge, before eleven of the clock before noon, in good array they marched forwards. A little before his departing he shot off two pieces of ordnances, the more to cover his departure so much as it might be, And when he departed, it is said he paid all his soldiers their wages, and made proclamation in Southwark that if any of his soldiers ought a pony to any person there, that they should come to him and he would see them paid ; but there was non complained ; all men the inhabitants said that there was never men behaved themselves so honestly as his company did there for the time of their abode.
Note, that the night before, by chance, as the lieutenant’s man of the Tower was rowing with a sculler over against Winchester Place, there was a waterman of the Tower Stairs desired the said lieutenant’s man to take him in, who did so : which seven arquebusiers as musketeers carried muskets so these men carried an arquebus , of Wyatt’s company spying the boat departing from land, called to them to land again, but they would not; whereupon each man discharged their piece, and so one of them by chance killed the said waterman, the which falling forthwith down dead, the sculler, with much pain, rode through the bridge to the Tower Wharf with the said lieutenant’s servant and the dead man in the boat. This thing was no sooner known to the lieutenant, but the same night and the next morning (whether he had commission so to do is not known) bent seven great pieces of ordnance, that is to say, culverings a type of cannon  and demi-cannons, full against the foot of the bridge and against Southwark, and the two steeples of Saint Olaves and Saint Mary Ovaries; 6 besides all the pieces on the White Tower, one culvering on the Devil’s Tower, and three falconettes a light cannon  over the Watergate, all being bent towards Southwark. Which thing so soon as the inhabitants of Southwark had intelligence of, certain men, and also many women, came to the said Wyatt in most lamentable wise, saying, “Sir, we are like to be utterly undone all and destroyed for your sake or default; our houses, which are our 1ivings, shall be by and by thrown down upon our heads, and our children, to the utter desolation of this borough, with the shot of (the Tower) laid and charged towards us; for the love of God, therefore, take pity upon us !” At which words he being partly abashed, stayed awhile, and then said these or much-like words : “I pray you, my friends, content yourselves a little, and I will soon ease you of this mischief ; for God forbid that ye, or the least child here, should be hurt or killed in my behalf.” And so in most speedy manner marched away. It is said he should say he would pay his soldiers no more until he paid them in Cheapside, Some reported he knocked at the gate when he went, saying, “Twice have I knocked and not been suffered to enter; if I knock the third time I will come in, by God’s grace !”

And as he marched towards Kingston he met by chance a merchant named Christopher Dorrell, whom he called, saying, “Cousin Dorrell, I pray you commend me unto your citizens the Londoners, and say unto them from me, that when liberty and freedom was offered them they would not receive it, neither would they admit me to enter within their gates, who for their freedom, and the disburdening of their griefs and oppression by strangers, would have frankly spent my blood in that their cause and quarrel : but now well appeareth their unthankfulness to us their friends, which meaneth them so much good; and therefore they are the less to be moned hereafter, when the miserable tyranny of strangers shall oppress them.” And so he went forward. That night he marched so fast that it is said he came to Kingston by night, where the bridge was broken and kept on this side by two hundred or thereabouts of the queen’s party; which bridge so soon as the said Wyatt perceived to be broken, and the men keeping it, went back, and did fetch a piece or two of ordnance and laid on the bridge, by the reason whereof he forced the other to flee, and leave the bridge unkept. Then caused he three or four of his soldiers to leap into the water and swim to the other side, who loosed the Western boats, which there lay tied, and so brought them over to the other side, and by that means he passed the water.
It is a strange matter what pains he took himself coming on foot amongst them; neither did they stay any whit all that night, but came almost to Brainford or ever they were descried by the queen’s scouts, who there by chance meeting Brett and his company, the said Brett said to the scout, “Back, villain : if thou go further to discover any company here, thou shalt die out of hand.” The scout returned in great haste.

Note, the said day of his departure the Londoners many were much joyous. The same day towards night there was laden ten or twelve carts with ordnance, as bills, morice pikes, spears, bows, arrows, gunstones, powder, shovels, mattocks, spades, baskets, and other munition, and there went out two culverings, one sacre saker - a type of cannon , three faucons, and a fauconet culverings, faucons and fauconets are all types of cannon ; all which the same night stayed in Paul’s churchyard. The same night, also, about five of the clock, a trumpeter went along, warning all horse and men of arms to be at Saint James’ field, and all footmen to be there also by six of the clock the next morning.
The next morning Sir George Harper was taken.

It is thought that the haste the said Wyatt and his company made that night was partly for lack of victuals and money, which was then near spent; and partly for that he hoped of better aid of the Londoners than he had before, if he might come to that part of the city. Some said his intent was to have been in London, if he had could, before day; but hearing that the Earl of Pembroke was come into the fields, he stayed at Knightsbridge until day, where his men being very weary with travel of that night and the day before, and also partly feeble and faint, having received small sustenance since there coming out of Southwark, rested.
The queen’s scout, upon his return to the court, declared their coming to Brainford, which sudden news was so fearful that therewith the queen and all the court was wonderfully affrighted. Drums went through London at four of the clock, warning all soldiers to arm themselves and to repair to Charing Cross. The queen was once determined to come to the Tower forthwith, but shortly after she sent word she would tarry there to see the uttermost. Many thought she would have been in the field in person.

Here was no small ado in London, and likewise the Tower made great preparation of defence. By ten of the clock, or somewhat more, the Earl of Pembroke had set his troop of horsemen on the hill in the highway above the new bridge over against Saint James; his footmen was set in two battailles possibly battle lines  somewhat lower, and nearer Charing Cross. At the lane turning down by the brick wall from Islington-ward he had set also certain other horsemen, and he had planted his ordnance upon the hill side. In the mean season meantime?  Wyatt and his company planted his ordnance upon the hill beyond Saint James, almost over against the park corner; and himself, after a few words spoken to his soldiers, came down the old lane on foot, hard by the court gate at Saint James’s, with four or five auncientes elders, old retainers? ; his men marching in good array. Cuthbert Vaughan, and about two auncientes, turned down towards Westminster. The Earl of Pembroke’s horsemen hovered all this while without moving, until all was passed by, saving the tail, upon which they did set, and cut off. The other marched forward and never stayed or returned to the aid of their tail. The great ordnance shot off freely on both sides. Wyatt’s ordnance overshot the troop of horsemen. The queen’s ordnance one piece struck three of Wyatt’s company in a rank, upon their heads, and, slaying them, struck through the wall into the park. More harm was not done by the great shot of neither party. The queen’s whole battayle of footmen standing still, Wyatt passed along by the wall towards Charing Cross, where the said horsemen that were there set upon part of them, but were soon forced back.

At Charing Cross there stood the Lord Chamberlain, with the guard and a number of other, almost a thousand persons, the which, upon Wyatt’s coming, shot at his company, and at last fled to the court gates, which certain pursued, and forced them with shot to shut the court gates against them. In this repulse the said Lord Chamberlain and others were so amazed that men cried Treason! treason! in the court, and had thought that the Earl of Pembroke, who was assailing the tail of his enemies, had gone to Wyatt, taking his part against the queen. There should ye have seen running and crying of ladies and gentlewomen, shutting of doors and such a screeching and noise as it was wonderful to hear.

The said Wyatt, with his men, marched still forward, all along to Temple Bar, also through Fleet Street, along ’til he came to Ludgate, his men going not in any good order or array. It is said that in Fleet Street certain of the Lord Treasurer’s band, to the number of three hundred men, met them, and so going on the one side passed by them coming on the other side without any whit saying to them. Also this is more strange: the said Wyatt and his company passed along by a great company of harnessed men, which stood on both sides, without any withstanding them, and as he marched forward through Fleet Street, most with their swords drawn, some cried “Queen Mary hath granted our request, and given us pardon.” Others said, “The queen hath pardoned us.” Thus Wyatt came even to Ludgate, and knocked calling to come in, saying, there was Wyatt. whom the queen had granted their requests : but the Lord William Howard standing at the gate, said, “Avaunt, traitor ! thou shalt not come in here.” And then Wyatt awhile stayed, and, as some say, rested him upon a seat (at) the Bellsavage Gate ;9 at last, seeing he could not come in, and belike being deceived of the aid which he hoped out of the city, returned back again in array towards Charing Cross, and was never stopped until he came to Temple Bar. Where certain horsemen which came from the field met them in the face : and then began the fight again to wax hot, till an herald said to Master Wyatt, “Sir, ye were best by my counsel to yield. You see this day is gone against you, and in resisting ye can get no good, but be the death of all these your soldiers, to your great peril of soul. Perchance ye may find the queen merciful. and the rather if ye stint so great a bloodshed as is like here to be.” Wyatt herewith being somewhat astonished (although he saw his men bent to fight it out to the death), said, “Well, if I shall needs yield, I will yield me to a gentleman ;” to whom Sir Maurice Berkeley came straight up, and bade him leap up behind him ; and another took Thomas Cobham and William Knevett; and so carried them behind them upon their horses to the court. Then was taking of men on all sides. It is said that in this conflict one pikeman, setting his back to the wall at Saint James, kept seventeen horsemen off him a great time, and at last was slain. At this battle was slain in the field, by estimation, on both sides, not past forty persons, as far as could be learned by certain that viewed the same; but there was many sore hurt; and some think there was many slain in houses. The noise of women and children, when the conflict was at Charing Cross, was so great and shrill, that it was hard to the top of the White Tower ; and also the great shot was well discerned there out of Saint James’s field. There stood upon the leads there the Lord Marquess, Sir Nicholas Poyner, Sir Thomas Pope, Master John Seamer, and other. From the battle when one came and brought word that the queen was like to have the victory, and that the horsemen had discomfited the tail of his enemies, the Lord Marquess for joy gave the messenger ten shillings in gold, and fell in great rejoicing. Note, that when Wyatt was perceived to be coming to Ludgate, and the mayor and his brethren heard thereof, thinking all had not gone well with the queen’s side, they were much amazed, and stood as men half out of their lives, and many hollow hearts rejoiced in London at the same.

At five of the clock this Wyatt, William Knevett, Thomas Cobham, the Lord Cobham’s son, two brethren named the Mantells, and Alexander Brett, were brought by Master Jernyngham, Chamberlain, by water to the Tower as prisoners; where Sir Phillip Deny received them at the bulwark; and as Wyatt passed by he said, “Go, traitor ! There was never such a traitor in England !” To whom this Wyatt turned, and said, “I am no traitor. I would thou should well know, thou art more traitor than I : and it is not the part of an honest man to call me so ;” and so went forth. When he came to the Tower gate the lieutenant took in first Mantell through the wicket, and took him by the bosom, and shook him, and said “Ah! thou traitor ! What wickedness hast thou and thy company wrought !” But he, holding down his head, said nothing. Then came Thomas Knevett, whom Master Chamberlain, gentleman porter of the Tower, took by the collar very roughly. Then came Alexander Brett, whom Sir Thomas Pope took by the bosom, saying, “Oh traitor ! how couldest thou find in thine heart to work such villainy, as to taking (the queen’s) wages, and, being trusted over a band of men, to fall to her enemy, returning against her in battle?” Brett answered, “Yea, I have offended in the case by all this.” Then came Thomas Cobham, whom Sir Nicholas Pomes took by the bosom, and said, “Alas, Master Cobham, what wind headed you to work such treason?” And he answered, “Oh, sir ! I was seduced.” Then came in Sir Thomas Wyatt, who Sir John of Bridges took by the collar in most rigorous manner, and said these or much-like words, “Oh! thou villain and unhappy traitor ! how couldest thou find in thine heart to work such detestable treason to the queen’s majesty, who being thy most gracious sovereign lady, gave the thy life and living once already, although thou didst before this time bear arms in the field against her? and now to make such a great and most traitorous stir, yielding her battle, to her marvellous trouble and fright And if it was not (saith he) that the law must justly pass upon thee, I would strike thee through with my dagger.”
And in so saying, having one hand upon the collar of the said Master Wyatt, and the other on his dagger, shaked his bosom; to whom Wyatt made no answer, but holding his arms under his side, and looking grievously with a grim look upon the said lieutenant, said, “It is no mystery now.” And so they passed on. This Wyatt had on a shirt of mail with sleeves very fair, and thereon a velvet cassock, and an yellow lace, with the windless of his dagger hanging thereon, and a pair of boots and spurs on his legs; on his head he had a fair hat of velvet with broad bonework lace about it.
William Knevett had also a shirt of mail and a velvet coat; so had Thomas Cobham and Brett.
John Harrington and Master Smethwick brought to prison.
The morrow and the next day following were brought to the Tower as prisoners, George Cobham, Sir William Cobham, Anthony Knevett, Hugh Booth, Thomas Vaughan, Robert Rudestone, Sir George Harper, Edward Wyatt, Edward Fog, George More, and Cuthbert Vaughan ; which Cuthbert Vaughan being a very handsome man, Master Thomas Bridges, at his entry into the Tower gate, did wonderfully reproach him, calling him rank traitor, and said that hanging, drawing, and quartering was too good for him. To whom this Vaughan made answer very soberly, with stout courage, saying, “I pray God, sir, to send you charity; and I would you and all men knew it, I am as true a man to the queen’s majesty and the commonwealth as any man that I shall here leave behind me ; and as to death, I do not much care, I am already determined to die.” And with that they went forward.
On Saturday, being the tenth of February, the Earl of Huntington, and other gentlemen, to the number of three hundred horse, brought into the Tower as prisoners the Duke of Suffolk and the Lord John Grey, from Coventry, where he had remained a three days after his taking, in the house and custody of Christopher Warren, alderman there.

On Sunday the eleventh day of February the Bishop of Winchester preached in the chapel before the queen, beginning at three of the clock with exhortemur, the sixth chapter of the second epistle to the Corinthians : wherein he treated first, that man had free will; next, that Lent was necessarily appointed by the church for Christian men; thirdly, that works were a means or way to heaven, and thereby the sooner we might obtain the fruition of our redemption by Christ : fourthly, that the preachers for the seven years last past, by dividing of words, and other their own additions, had brought in many errors detestable unto the church of Christ; fifthly and lastly, he asked a boon of the queen’s highness that like as she had before time extended her mercy, particularly and privately, so through her leniency and gentleness much conspiracy and open rebellion was grown, according to the proverb nimia familiaritas parit contemptum; which he brought then in for the purpose that she would now be merciful to the body of the commonwealth, and conservation thereof, which could not be unless the rotten and hurtful members thereof were cut off and consumed. And thus he ended soon after; whereby all the audience did gather there should shortly follow sharp and cruel execution. Note, he prayed for King Edward the Sixth in his sermon, and for the souls departed.
This day Sir Harry Isley, who was late fled, was brought to the Tower as prisoner in an old friese coat 7 and an old pair (of) hose, all his apparel not worth by estimation four shillings. The same day came in also as prisoners two of the Culpeppers, one Cromer, and Thomas Rampton the Duke of Suffolk’s secretary.
The Monday, being the twelfth of February, about ten of the clock, there went out of the Tower to the scaffold on Tower Hill, the Lord Guildford Dudley, son to the late Duke of Northumberland, husband to the Lady Jane Grey, daughter to the Duke of Suffolk, who at his going out took by the hand Sir Anthony Brown, Master John Throckmorton, and many other gentlemen, praying them to pray for him; and without the bulwark Offley Sir Thomas Offley  the sheriff received him and brought him to the scaffold, where, after a small declaration, having no ghostly father with him, he kneeled down and said his prayers ; then holding up his eyes and hands to God many times; and at last, after he had desired the people to pray for him, he laid himself along, and his head upon the block, which was at one stroke of the axe taken from him.
Note, the Lord Marquess of Northampton  stood upon the Devil’s Tower, and saw the execution. His carcass thrown into a cart, and his head in a cloth, he was brought into the chapel within the Tower, where the Lady Jane, whose lodging was in Partridge’s house, did see his dead carcass taken out of the cart, as well as she did see him before on live going to his death, — a sight to her no less than death.
By this time was there a scaffold made upon the green over against the White Tower, for the said Lady Jane to die upon. Who with her husband was appointed to have been put to death the Friday before, but was stayed ’til then, for what cause is not known, unless it were because her father was not then come into the Tower.
The said lady, being nothing at all abashed, neither with fear of her own death, which then approached, neither with the sight of the dead carcass of her husband, when he was brought in to the chapel, came forth, the lieutenant leading her, in the same gown wherein she was arraigned, her countenance nothing abashed, neither her eyes anything moisted with tears, although her two gentlewomen, Mistress Elizabeth Tilney and Mistress Ellen, wonderfully wept, with a book in her hand, whereon she prayed all the way ’til she came to the said scaffold, whereon when she was mounted. &c.

JGN —So far, our Diarist’s narrative of this judicial tragedy has been adopted, somewhat abridged, by Stowe and Holinshed. The latter chronicler then proceeds thus (copying Grafton),
“Whereon when ,she was mounted, this noble young lady, as she was indeed with singular gifts both of learning and knowledge, so was she as patient and mild as any lamb at her execution, and a little before her death uttered these words,” (then giving her address to the people assembled). Whether our Diarist’s conclusion, “when she was mounted, &c.” was intended to lead on to some other paper, written by himself or another, it is impossible to decide; but it seems not very improbable that he was also the writer of the account of the Lady Jane’s execution, which begins with the same words, and which was originally published in a small black-letter pamphlet entitled:

The End of the Lady Jane Dudley, daughter of the Duke of Suffolk, upon the scaffold, at the hour of her death.

First, when she mounted upon the scaffold, she said to the people standing thereabout: “Good people, I am come hither to die, and by a law I am condemned to the same. The fact, in deed, against the queen’s highness was unlawful, and the consenting thereunto by me: but touching the procurement and desire thereof by me or on my half, I do wash my hands thereof in innocency, before God, and the face of you, good Christian people, this day,” and therewith she wrung her hands, in which she had her book. Then she said, “I pray you all, good Christian people, to bear me witness that I die a true Christian woman, and that I look to be saved by none other mean, but only by the mercy of God in the merits of the blood of his only son Jesus Christ: and I confess, when I did know the word of God I neglected the same, loved my self and the world, and therefore this plague or punishment is happily and worthily happened unto me for my sins; and yet I thank God of his goodness that he hath thus given me a time and respite to repent. And now, good people, while I am alive, I pray you to assist me with your prayers.” And then, kneeling down, she turned to Fecknam, saying, “Shall I say this psalm?” And he said, “Yea.” Then she said the psalm of Miserere mei Deus in English, in most devout manner, to the end. Then she stood up, and gave her maiden Mistress Tilney her gloves and handkerchief, and her book to Master Bruges, the lieutenant’s brother; forthwith she untied her gown. The hangman went to her to help here off therewith; then she desired him to let her alone, turning towards her two gentlewomen, who helped her off therewith, and also with her frose paste head attire worn by brides  and neckerchief, giving to her a fair handkerchief to knit about her eyes.
Then the hangman kneeled down, and asked her forgiveness, whom she forgave most willingly. Then he willed her to stand upon the straw: which doing, she saw the block. Then she said, “I pray you dispatch me quickly.” Then she kneeled down, saying, “ Will you take it off before I lay me down? ” and the hangman answered her, “ No, madam.” She tied the kerchief about her eyes; then feeling for the block, said, “What shall I do? Where is it?” One of the standers-by guiding her thereunto, she laid her head down upon the block, and stretched forth her body and said: “Lord, into thy hands I commend my spirit!” And so she ended.

The above is here copied from a reprint edited by the Rev. John Brand in the 13th volume of his Archæologia. I have not been able to find a copy of the original. It was incorporated into the narratives of Grafton and Foxe, with some variations ...

The same day, within half an hour after, was brought into the Tower as prisoner, by the Lord Chamberlain and two hundred of the guard, the Earl of Devonshire, or Lord Courtney, by water, who as he passed by said to the lieutenant, belike who asked him the cause of his thither coming, “Truly, I cannot tell, except I should accuse myself : let the world judge.” This much was heard by him then spoken.
This day was there set up at every gate of London a gallows, and at the bridge-foot one. in Southwark two pair, at Leadenhall one, two in Cheapside, in Fleet Street and about Charing Cross three or four pair, and in many other places about the city. In Kent also, and many places more, there was raised gallows, a great sort. That day and on Thursday there was condemned of the rebels to the number of three hundred or thereabouts. All the prisons of London was so full that the(y) were fain to keep the poorest sort, by fourscore on a heap, in churches. On Wednesday following was hanged in sundry places of the city to the number of twenty-six or more. On Thursday, in Southwark, and other places of the suburbs, there was hanged a great number; this day, being the fifteenth of February, there was ten prisoners out of the Tower arraigned and cast, whose names do follow. (The names were not added.) It was said that Brett should say and Vaughan. at their arraignment, that they ought to have their lives according to the law, for, said Brett. “There was promised a pardon to me and my company, by an herald in the field, or else 1 would never have yielded. but died presently : and if the queen’s pardon promised by a herald, which in the field is as her own mouth, be of no value or authority, then the Lord have mercy upon us!” The like was alleged by Cuthbert Vaughan, who as it is reported said moreover to the Lord William Paulet, Lord High Treasurer, sitting there, (and who) gave sentence, “ It forceth not, my lord, since we shall go before, and you shall not be long after us.”

Saturday the 17th day of February the Duke of Suffolk was carried to Westminster and there arraigned, being fetched from the Tower by the clerk of the cheke and all the guard almost; who at his going out went out very stoutly and cheerfully enough, but (at) his coming here he landed at the water gate with a countenance very heavy and pensive, desiring all men to pray for him. (The Lord Courtney, lying in the Bell Tower, saw him both outward and inward.) It is said, the Earl of Arundell sitting upon him in judgement, he should save that it was no treason for a peer of the realm as he was to raise his power and make proclamation only to avoid strangers out of the realm; and thereupon he asked the sergeants standing by whether it was not so or no, which they being abashed, they could not say it was treason by any law. Then it was laid to his charge he met with two hundred men the queen’s lieutenant in arms, being the Earl of Huntingdon, which was treason against the queen, forasmuch as the said lieutenant represented her own person. To the which he made answer that he knew not the said Earl to be no such lieutenant. “But,” saith he, “I met him indeed but with fifty men or thereabouts, and would not have shrunken from him if I had had fewer.” And by these words he confessed himself guilty of treason. Moreover he partly accused his brother the Lord Thomas, who he said had persuaded him rather to fly into his country then to abide, saying, that “it was to be feared he should be put again into the Tower; where being in his country, and amongst friends and tenants, who durst fetch him?” (Further) touching the other articles laid to his charge, he said, that he never knew anything thereof, saving that once he should say at his table over his supper that he would undertake, for need, only with a hundred gentlemen, to set the crown upon Courtney’s head ; and so he was condemned and brought back to the Tower again. The same day the Queen set out a proclamation that all strangers not borne within her highness’s dominions should, within twenty-four days after the said proclamation. avoid the realm, free-denizens, merchants known, and the servants of ambassadors only excepted, upon pain of forfeiture of all their goods, with imprisonment of their bodies, and their lives at the queen’s pleasure, as in the said proclamation appeareth at large.
This day, or the morrow following, Alexander Brett, with twenty other prisoners, were carried down towards Kent by the sheriff to execution. This Brett at his going out of the Tower embraced Master Chamberlain the gentleman porter, and desired him to commend him to Sir Thomas Wyatt. Then praying all men to pray for him. he said, “And I am worthy of no less punishment then I do now go to suffer, for beside mine offence I refused life and grace three times when it was offered; but I trust God did all for the best for me, that my soul might repent, and thereby after this life (attain) to the more mercy and grace in his sight.” And so he went onward.

On Sunday the 18th day of February there came in as prisoner one ---- . The same day there was proclamation made in Cheapside by a trumpeter, that if any man had any of the said rebels, or knew where they were, should bring them unto the Marshalsea, or else if they were hurt, sick, or cold not come in persons. their names should be brought to the Marshalsea the morrow following, upon pain of disp(leasure?)

Monday the nineteenth day of February there went out to be arraigned at Westminster Sir William Cobham, Master George Cobham, Thomas Cobham, all being the Lord Cobham’s sons, ----- Wyatt, ----- of the which came home uncondemned Sir William Cobham and George Cobham, some say as reprieved ; the rest being condemned to die.
This day a number of the Earl of Pembroke’s men and soldiers, to the number of three hundred in armour, and array, with their drums, came up Foster Lane ; whether they were going to was not known.
About this time there went a tale that there had been a skirmish between the Scots and Englishmen in the north parts, and that the Frenchmen had skirmished with some of the soldiers at Guynes. It was said also that the Frenchmen had made a trench before Guynes; and that the Lord Grey wrote thereof to the queen, desiring to have some soldiers, part of such as were condemned to be hanged.
There was also a saying at this time that the French king, who indeed had prepared a great navy upon the sea, to meet, as it was thought, the prince of Spain, had surrendered his title of the crown of France to his son, meaning with all his power in person to be admiral of his ships on the sea for the voyage aforesaid.
At this time, or a little before, the Lady Elizabeth was sent for of the queen by Sir John Williams, with a great number of men, to come up from ----- , about twenty seven miles from London, to the court immediately. And she saying she was very sick, desired the said Sir John Williams to depart, and that she would most willingly, in as speedy a manner as she could for her sickness, repair to the queen’s highness with her own company and folks only. Many men diversely thought of her sending for.

Tuesday the 20th of February the Lord John Grey rode to Westminster, who having the gout could not go on foot, to be arraigned ; whence he came about two of the clock again to the Tower, condemned to die.
This day was Master William Thomas, late clerk of the council, brought into the Tower as prisoner; so was Master Winter and Sir Nicholas Throckmorton the same night.

Wednesday the 21st of February was brought into the Tower as prisoners out of the country Sir James Crofts, the Lord Thomas Grey, and two other ; the one a spy, the other a post.

Friday the 23rd of February, anno 1553,8 the Duke of Suffolk was beheaded at Tower Hill. His words at the coming on the scaffold were these following, or much like: “Good people, this day I am come hither to die, being one whom the law hath justly condemned, and one who hath no less deserved for my disobedience against the Queen’s highness, of whom I do most humbly ask forgiveness, and I trust she doth and will forgive me.” Then Master Weston, his confessor, standing by, said, “My lord, her grace hath already forgiven and prayeth for you.” Then said the Duke, “I beseech you all, good people, to let me be an example to you all for obedience to the queen and the magistrates, for the contrary thereof hath brought me (to this end). And also I shall most heartily desire you all to bear me witness that I do die a faithful and true Christian, believing to be saved by no other but only by almighty God, through the passion of his son Jesus Christ. And now I pray you to pray with me.” Then he kneeled down, and Weston with him, and said the psalm of “Miserere mei Deus,” and “In te, Domine, speravi,” the Duke one verse and Weston another. Which done, he did put of his gown and his doublet. Then knitting the kerchief himself about his eyes, held up his hands to heaven, and after lay down along, with his head upon the block, which at one stroke was stricken off by the hangman.
This day there was household Cuthbert Vaughan, Hugh Booth, and other.

Saturday the 24th day of February was brought into the Tower as prisoner Sir Nicholas Arnold knight, Sir Edward Rogers, and one Master Doynett, &c.
This day Thomas Rampton, a prisoner, and the late Duke of Suffolk’s secretary, was carried into the country to Coventry, there to be arraigned and to suffer death.

Sunday the 25th of February was brought into the Tower prisoner Sir William Sentlow, a man that came in with a wonderful stout courage, nothing at all abashed. This day, and all the senight and more before, there sat in council in the Tower, upon the examination of the prisoners, Sir Robert Southwell, Sir Thomas Pope, and others. About this time was the first bruit rumour  that the queen would keep the term and parliament at Oxford. The 26th of February William Thomas had almost slain himself the night before, with thrusting himself under the paps with a knife. The same day there came into the Tower one Master Medley, brother-in-law to the Duke of Suffolk.

Wednesday the 28th day of February, 1553,8 Anthony Knevett, William Knevett, Sir Harry Isley and his cousin, the two Mantells, George More, and Cuthbert Vaughan, went down by water in a barge toward Kent, to be put to death. It is said that one of them, at his going out of the Tower, answered to one that took him by the hand, and said he was very sorry for his death, “Well, (quoth he,) I thank you therefore, but this is God’s ordinance, and cause ye have as well to be sorry for yourselves and your country as for me, for I now shall leave all wretchedness, and I trust by death to enter into a better life : whereas you and others may live longer in most troublesome tribulations and overthrows of this world, pass your days in cares and heavy miseries (without God’s help) which is growing over you; and yet at the last die as well as I, when ye shall have, by your longer life, much more to answer for in God’s sight then and if you died presently with me.” And with such and like words he departed.
This day came Master Honings in as prisoner.

Friday, the second of March, 1553, there was brought into the Tower in the forenoon as prisoners ----- , and in the afternoon Sir Gawen Carew and Master (William) Gibbs were brought out of Devonshire as prisoners into the Tower. Saturday the Lord Courtney was removed out of the Bell Tower into the tower over the gate, The fifth of March came into the Tower as prisoner one Master John Fitzwilliams as prisoner. The sixth of March certain boys, some took Wyatt’s part and some the Queen’s, and made a combat in the fields, &c. The ----- day of March the Lord Thomas Grey, the late Duke of Suffolk’s brother, was condemned. He alleged at the bar that as God should judge his soul he meant none other thing but the abolishing of strangers, and if that were high treason the Lord be merciful, there were no (?) At this time came out the articles to the clergy,. wherein the chief est points were the supremacy to be left out, aucthoritate regia, and the dissevering of married priests from their wives, &c. Saturday the tenth of March Master Leonard Digges and Nayler were brought into the Tower, out of the counter, being condemned.
The same day was a proclamation that the French crown and the Burgundian crown to go for 6s.4d. and the ryal 5s.
Monday the 12th of March Cuthbert Vaughan was brought again out of Kent into the Tower, by the importable suit of his wife.
This day Cranmer, the Bishop of Canterbury, the late Bishop of London, Ridley, and Master Latimer, went out of the Tower prisoners toward Oxford; and out of the Fleet went Hoper with them.

The ----- of March the Bishop of York was at the Lord Chancellors out of the Tower, and there was deposed of his bishopric.
The same day came Strangwish the Rover to the court, who was come from the French king, and had brought with him one ship laden with shirts of mail, and another laden with other munition, and submitted himself and all to the queen’s mercy. Wednesday the 14th day of March, the Earl of Bedford, Lord Privy Seal, chief ambassador, and the Lord Feewater, commissioners, set forward in embassy to the King of Spain, to fetch him into the realm; the(y) went westward to take shipping at ---- . They were accompanied with Sir Henry Sydney, &c. The fifteenth day of March Sir Thomas Wyatt knight was arraigned at Westminster of treason and rebellion : there sat in commission as chief the Earl of Sussex, Sir Edward Hastings, Master Bourne the secretary, &c.
After his inditement these, or much like, were his words, as it is reported. Touching the said inditement, some part thereof he denied, and some part granted: “Now,” said he, “since I am in this place to answer for myself, I will, 1 trust, purge me of all conspiring the queen’s death, whereof I am guiltless; and mine whole intent and stir was against the coming in of strangers and Spaniards, and to abolish them out of this realm. And as for me, though I bear the name. I was but the fourth or fifth man. The Earl of Devonshire wrote unto me by Sir Edward Rogers to proceed as I had begun; but touching the queen’s death (saith he), I never consented. The first deviser thereof (he said) was William Thomas, who broke the matter to Master John Fitzwilliams, that he should have done the deed; this Fitzwilliams denied the same; at last he was half determined to show the same to Sir Nicholas Arnold, and did, who much discommended the fact, and told it to Master Crofts, who also told it to Master Wyatt; and they both detesting the horribleness of the crime, the said Wyatt wore, under his long gown, a great waster possibly a cudgel , four or five days hanging at his girdle, as he said, to beat the said William Thomas with, that he would have left him for dead. Being asked why he concealed the same, he said that he so did was because he knew himself able enough to have corrected and restrained Master William Thomas, &c. Touching Courtney he said that Sir Edward Rogers went between Courtney and him, and that he sent him word to proceed in the same. Touching my Lady Elizabeth’s grace, he said, that indeed he sent her a letter that she should get her as far from the city as she could, the rather for her safety from strangers; and she sent him word again, but not in writing, by Sir William Seyntlow, that she did thank him much for his goodwill, and she would do as she should see cause, &c.

The 18th of March Palm Sunday , being 1553,8 the Lady Elizabeth’s grace, the queen’s sister, was conveyed to the Tower from the court at Westminster about ten of the clock in the forenoon by water; accompanying her the Marquess of Northampton and the Earl of Sussex.
There was at the Tower to receive her the Lord Chamberlain. She was taken in at the drawbridge. It is said when she came in she said to the warders and soldiers, looking up to heaven: “Oh Lord! I never thought to have come in here as prisoner; and I pray you all good friends and fellows bear me witness, that I come in no traitor, but as true a woman to the queen’s majesty as any is now living; and thereon will I take my death.” And so going a little further, she said to my Lord Chamberlain, "What are all these harnessed men here for me ?” and he said, “No, madam.” “Yes (she said, I know it is so; it needed not for me, being, alas ! but a weak woman.” It is said that when she was in, the Lord Treasurer and the Lord Chamberlain began to lock the doors very straightly, then the Earl of Sussex, with weeping eyes, said, “What will ye do, my lords? What mean ye therein? She was a kings daughter, and is the queen’s sister ; and ye have no sufficient commission so to do; therefore go no further than your commission, which I know what it is.”

Note, the 24th of March, anno 1553,8 there was let out of the Tower from imprisonment the Lord Marquess of Northampton, the Lord Cobham, Sir William Cobham, Master John Fitzwilliams, one Master Culpepper of Bedsbery, Master Henry Vane, John Harrington, ---- Corbett.

The first of April were created six bishops at Saint Mary Ovaries, Bishops of London and Winchester, &c.
Note, the third of April the parliament began, as well at Oxford as at Westminster.

Note, the fifth of April there was taken six great fishes called porpoise, in Sussex.
Between Easter and the 7th of April was no notable matter, but only choosing officers for the king of Spain; the master of his horse being Master A. Brown.
The Lord of Cardiff sworn of his privy chamber.
The same day was made Sir John of Bridges, Lord Chandos of Sudeley, and Sir John Williams, Lord Williams of Thame, and Sir Edward North, Baron of Catledge].
The 11th of April, being Wednesday, was Sir Thomas Wyatt beheaded upon the Tower Hill. Before his coming down out of the Tower, the Lord Chamberlain and the Lord Shandos carried him to the tower over the watergate, where the Lord Courtney lay, and there he was before Courtney half an hour and more. What was spoken is not yet known. Then he was brought out with a book in his hand ; and at the garden pale the Lord Chamberlain took his leave of him, and likewise Master Secretary Bourne, to whom Master Wyatt said: “I pray you, sir, pray for me, and be a mean to the queen for my poor wife and children; and if it might have pleased her grace to have granted me my life I would have trusted to have done her such good service as should have well recompensed mine offence; but, since not, I beseech God have mercy on me.” To the which Master Bourne made no answer. So he came toward the hill, Weston leading him by the one arm and the Lord Chandos by the other. When he was up upon the scaffold he desired each man to pray for him and with him, and said these or much-like words in effect:
“Good people, I am come presently here to die, being thereunto lawfully and worthily condemned, for I have sorely offended against God and the queen’s majesty, and am sorry therefore. I trust God hath forgiven and taken his mercy upon me. I beseech the queen’s majesty also of forgiveness.” “She hath forgiven you already,” saith Weston. “And let every man beware how he taketh any thing in hand against the higher powers. Unless God be prosperable to his purpose, it will never take good effect or success, and thereof ye may now learn at me. And I pray God I may be the last example in this place for that or any other like. And whereas it is said and wished abroad, that I should accuse my Lady Elizabeth’s grace, and my Lord Courtney; it is not so, good people, for I assure you neither they nor any other now yonder in hold or durance was privy of my rising or commotion before I began; as I have declared no less to the Queen’s Council. And this is most true.”
Then said Weston at those words, interrupting his tale, “Mark this, my masters, he sayeth that that which he hath shewed to the Council in writing of my Lady Elizabeth and Courtney is true.” And whether Mr. Wyatt, being then amazed at such interruption, or whether they on the scaffold plucked him by the gown back or no, it is not well known, but without more talk he turned him, and put off his gown and untrussed his points untied the cords which held his clothing  ; then, taking the (Earl of) Huntingdon, the Lord Hastings, Sir Giles Stranguesh, and many other by the hands, he plucked off his doublet and waistcoat, unto his shirt, and kneeled down upon the straw, then laid his head down awhile, and raise on his knees again, then after a few words spoken, and his eyes lift up to heaven, he knit the handkerchief himself about his eyes, and a little holding up his hands suddenly laid down his head, which the hangman at one stroke took from him. Then was he forthwith quartered upon the scaffold, and the next day his quarters set at divers places, and his head upon a stake upon the gallows beyond Saint James. Which his head, as is reported, remained not there ten days unstolen away.
This day also and the day before the Lord Admiral and ----- went toward the sea, with many soldiers, all trimmed in coats and sloppes trousers  of white and green, the Queen’s colours.
The morrow following the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Treasurer, the Lord Chamberlain, and others (of) the Council, was at the Tower with the Lady Elizabeth.
At this time was two stark knaves set on the pillory in Cheap[side], for saying that Wyatt had cleared my Lady Elizabeth, &c.

The 17th of April, 1554, were led to the Guildhall, to be arraigned, Sir Nicholas Throckmorton and Sir James Crofts, Master Robert Winter and Cuthbert Vaughan being also led thither to witness against them; where that day was no more arraigned but Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, who tarrying from seven of the clock until almost five at night, was by verdict quit, whereat ??ny people rejoiced. Sir Nicholas Throckmorton’s talk at the bar was this: he pleaded not guilty. and that he was consenting to nothing, &c.
The jury’s names is ----- , which quit him; wherefore they were commanded to be ready before the Council at an hour’s warning, on the loss of five hundred pounds a piece. On Saint Mark’s day, being the 25th of April, they were before the Council in the Star Chamber, and thence, about two of the clock, Whetston Thomas Whetston, haberdasher  and Lucar Emanuell Lucar, merchant taylor  were sent to the Tower, and the rest to the Fleet, prisoners. The 27th day the Lord Thomas Grey was beheaded at Tower Hill, who said, &c.

The 28th day Sir James Crofts was condemned. He could not be found (guilty?) of the quest which was warned passing eight (jurors?), so they were fain to send for Hartopp and certain couriers and others.
The words of a Spaniard at Bristow.

The (Saturday 19th) day of May the lady Elizabeth was carried out of the Tower by water to ----- , and thence to Woodstock, where she remaineth as prisoner, safe kept by the Lord Williams.

The 25th day of May was the Lord Courtney, in the morning, conveyed to (Fotheringay?), there as prisoner in safe keeping of ----- .
In this month Master Winter and Master York were delivered.

The 18th day of May was Master William Thomas drawn to Tyburn, and there hanged and quartered, who said he died for his country with the three points declared.
The ----- day of June the gallows taken down in London.
The same day the cross began to be new gilded again.
This month Master Thomas Bridges took upon him the lieutenantship of the Tower.
The ninth day of June the Queen removed to Richmond.
The tenth day a gun shot at Pauls.
The Lord John Grey, the eleventh day, carried to Westminster and condemned.
At this time a bruit rumour  of redb.(?) in Stepney, and the first talk of the making the Bishop of Winchester a cardinal.
The ----- day of July there was a commotion in the town of Antwerp against the lords of the town.
Thursday the 19th of July, Philip Prince of Spain landed at Hampton, and the Monday following the Queen removed to Winchester t o meet him.

Note, the Sunday before that, on the fifteenth of July, there was twelve carts laden with treasury out of the Tower towards Winchester.
The same day a poor maid stood at Paul’s Cross for speaking in a wall at Aldgate.
On Saint James’s day, being the 25th of July, the king and queen were married at Winchester, and from thence they removed to Basing and to Windsor, and from thence to Richmond, where they continued ’til Friday the 17th of August, at which time they came from Richmond by water to Southwark, accompanied with the noblemen and ladies; the king in one barge and she in another; and land at Saint Mary Overies, at the Bishop of Winchester’s place, and there, after they had drunk, they passed the little park into Suffolk Place, alias Southwark Place, in which park they killed by the way certain bucks, and so rested there all night, and the next day till three of the clock at afternoon, at which hour they did set forward through Southwark over the bridge, and so through London to Whitehall, where they lodged. The arms at the gate of the bridge foot was new gilded, and there stood at the drawbridge two great images of giants holding these verses (omitted). The conduit in Gracious now Gracechurch  Street was new painted and gilded, and about the winding turred was finely portrayed the nine worthies and King Henry the Eighth and Edward the Sixth in their tabernacles, all in complete harness, some with maces, some with swords, and some with pole-axes in their hands ; all saving Henry the Eighth, which was painted having in one hand a sceptre and in the other hand a book, whereon was written Verbum Dei;

[this passage is crossed out in the manuscript] but after the king was passed, the Bishop of Winchester, noting the book in Henry the Eighth’s hand, shortly afterwards called the painter before him, and with vile words calling him traitor, asked why and who had him describe King Henry with a book in his hand, as is aforesaid, threatening him therefore to go to the Fleet. And the painter made answer, that he thought he had done well, and that no man bad him do the contrary “for (sayeth he) if I had known the same had been against your lordship’s pleasure, I would not so have made him.” “Nay, (said the bishop,) it is against the queen’s catholic proceedings,” &c. And so he painted him shortly after, in the stead of the book of Verbum Dei, to have in his hands a new pair of gloves.
At the end of Gracious Street, towards Leadenhall, was a very fair pageant, made by the Estilliard, of a great bread hanging, garnished many goodly storys with images of the (seven cardinal virtues), and their names written under the theatre: and then, at the end of the pageant, was a high gatehouse, fair painted; on the top whereof was made the image of a fair horse and a man in harness riding thereon, which, (when) the king came by, by a pretty device, was made to mount and turn round about.
At the end of Cornhill, by the stocks, there was a pageant of a great height, having seats, whereon sat four Phillips, that was Phillipus rex Macedoniæ, Phillipus bonus, Phillipus imperator, and Phillipus audax; and over them sat, under a rich cloth of state, in the top of the pageant, Phillip and Mary, &c.
Beyond the great conduit was a pageant made like a mount, replenished with leaves and herbs, in the top whereof was a great bush of green birch and hawthorn, wherein in a seat sat Orpheus with his harp, having at his feet these verses, &c. And about the lower end of the mount sat divers children playing of divers instruments : and when the king came by they came out of the mount, as it were dancing, all manner of beasts, as lions, wolves, bears, apes, &c.
The Cross of Cheap clean new gilt; it cost a fifteenth through the city.
At the little conduit was a very pretty pageant, being but slight, but marvellous fair, made in manner of a vine or tree of roses, the root whereof was Lord ----- and so at every branch’s end sat a child in a king’s or queen’s apparel, declaring the descent of the king and queen, until they came to the top, where they sat both together in the top of the said pageant. From thence the king went to Pauls and offered. At the conduit in Fleet Street was also a very handsome pageant made in manner of a castle, having the arms of all Christian realms. and very pretty poesies poetry verses , &c. Over the gate at Temple Bar was painted two men of ----- bigness having in their hands a table, wherein was written these sentences, &c.
Note, there was two swords carried before them, and two horses led after them. At their going through London non appeareth . . . , &c.
At the coronation Vashan ....
The queen removed the ----- day of August to Hampton Court.
At this time the French king retired.
At this time there was so many Spaniards in London that a man should have met in the streets for one Englishman above four Spaniards, to the great discomfort of the English nation. The halls taken up for Spaniards.
About this time there was half a rising at Ipswich in Suffolk.
In September the noblemen did ask licence to repair every man into his country, whether for avoiding their expenses or any other cause is as yet unknown.
The king’s words for the riding of the guard at his coming aland.
His words touching the nobility.

The ---- of September Sir Anthony Brown discharged of the mastership of the horse for the king, and so made a lord by the name of the Lord Montacute.
Brought into the Tower four out of Suffolk for an insurrection there, and certain executed. The fifth of September a talk of twelve thousand Spaniards coming more into the realm, they said to fetch the crown.

The sixth of September, or thereabouts, there was cut off in the king and queen’s household from the common ordinary above twenty-two mass of meat, by report.
At this time there was a talk that the Bishopic of Canterbury and metropolitanship of England (because a Spanish friar lay there) was given to a Spanish friar ; and the Lord Williams was out of his chamberlainship, and secretary Petre out of his office, and that the Lord Treasurer had given the queen Basing.

Md. that the tenth of September there was a rumour that my Lord of Westmorland Sir Henry Neville, 5th Earl  and other kept a council at York, and that the Earl of Pembroke, the Earl of Shrewsbury, and the Earl of Westmorland were proclaimed traitors at the court at Hampton.
At this time were the new coins, with the double face the two profiles of the king and queen , devised by Sir John Godsalve and Thomas Egerton.

Friday the 14th of September were set out by the Bishop of London to be enquired of throughout his diocese by four substantial persons thereto by him appointed, in every ward. a book containing 126 articles, as well touching the misdemeanour of the clergy as the laity. (Note, to amplify it)

The last day of September 1554, the Bishop of Winchester preached at Paul’s Cross, and there brought him to the cross the Bishop of London with his crozier staff before him. There sat under the Lord Mayor the Earl of Arundell and all the Peter Bourne mates and all the Council. The effect of the bishops sermon was all of charity; he deceanded of heresy preached at that place; he spoke of tales at the council at York; he praised the king and his dominions and riches, and willed all so obediently to behave themselves that he might tarry still with us, &c.

Upon Tuesday the 2nd of October there came to the Tower in twenty carts made for the show, accompanied with certain Spaniards of the king’s guard, fourscore and seventeen little chests of a yard long and four inches broad, of silver, which will make by estimation one thousand pound.