The Indian Calendar

With around 30 religious calendars widely used in India in 1952, the Indian government decided it was about time for a National Calendar of India for civil purposes and for a standardised computation of the religious calendar based on astronomical observations. The civil calendar was set up in 1957 based on the Shalivahana lunisolar calendar with a New Year’s day festival called Ugadi in the Deccan region of India and Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra state. The first month, Caitra, is 30 days long with an extra day added in leap years. The next five months have 31 days, then rest have 30 days. Leap years in the Indian calendar match the Gregorian calendar. Years in the Indian calendar are counted from the equinox of 22nd March, 79 CE which is 1st Caitra, year 1 in the Saka Era. The re-formed Indian calendar began with Saka Era, 1st Caitra, 1879, corresponding to 22nd March, 1957. Days begin at sunrise. Note: I understand the Vikram Samvat calendar might become the new National Calendar for India as it is for Nepal but, to an outsider, it really doesn’t seem an improvement, just different.


Day: Month: Year:

   Day: Month: Year:
       Before Dawn

Day of the Week:        Day of the Week:



 1  January 7  July
 2  February 8  August
 3  March 9  September 
 4  April 10  October
 5  May  11  November
 6  June 12  December 

 1  Caitra 7  Asvina
 2  Vaisãkha 8  Kãrtika
 3  Jyaistha  9  Agrahayana 
 4  Asãdha 10  Pausa
 5  Srãvana 11  Mãgha
 6  Bhãdra 12  Phãlguna